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Autor
Raczyński Mirosław (Kolegium Ekonomii, Finansów i Prawa)
Tytuł
Teoretyczne uzasadnienia niezależności regulatorów usług użyteczności publicznej
Theoretical Justifications for the Independence of Public Utility Service Regulators
Źródło
Zeszyty Naukowe / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, 2007, nr 758, s. 97-107, bibliogr. 20 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Teoria ekonomii, Teoria usług, Usługi publiczne, Usługi użyteczności publicznej
Economic theory, Theory of services, Public services, Public utility services
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Przedstawiono przyczyny tworzenia niezależnych agencji regulacyjnych w dziedzinie usług publicznych formułowane na gruncie teorii ekonomii. Omówiono dwa aspekty braku wiarygodności: niespójność w czasie, która jest następstwem sprzeczności między krótko-i długookresowymi celami prowadzonej polityki, oraz niepewnością polityczną, wynikającą z konfliktu między obecnymi i przyszłymi mocodawcami.

In this article, the author presents theories that explain the reasons for establishing independent regulatory bodies for public utility services. He discusses explanations for such actions formulated on the basis of agency theory; explanations that see in this independence a desire on the part of politicians to shift responsibility for costly decisions; and explanations that analyse independence as a method of addressing the problem of the lack of regulatory policy credibility due to its inconsistency over time and political uncertainty. The author also presents hypotheses developed within the framework of sociological and historical institutionalism. He contends that neither agency theory, nor the desire to shift responsibility, satisfactorily explain independence. On the other hand, the inconsistency over time of regulatory policy and political uncertainty, by making it necessary to take steps to increase policy credibility, lead to the granting of real independence to the regulator. In turn, studies in sociological and historical institutionalism explain the differentiation of regulatory institutions across countries. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
dostęp tylko z terenu Kampusu UEK
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Edwards G., Waverman L. [2006], The Effects of Public Ovnership and Regulatory Independence on Regulatory Outcomes, „Journal of Regulatory Economics", vol. 29 (1).
  2. Fiorina M.P. [1982], Legislative Choice of Regulatory Forms: Legal Process or Administrative Process?, „Public Choice", nr 39.
  3. Gilardi F. [2001], Principal-Agent Models Go to Europe: Independent Regulatory Agencies as Ultimate Step of Delegation, Paper presented at the ECPR General Conference, Canterbury (UK), 6-8 September 2001.
  4. Gilardi F. [2002a], Policy Credibility and Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: A Comparative Empirical Analysis, „Journal of European Public Policy", nr 9 (6).
  5. Gilardi F. [2002b], Explaining Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: The Role of Political Uncertainty, http://irpshome.ucsd.edu/faculty/jwallack/Gilardi.pdf, 2.03.2004.
  6. Gilardi F. [2004] Institutional Change in Regulatory Policies: Regulation through Independent Agencies and the Three New Institutionalisms [w:] The Politics of Regulation: Institutions and Regulatory Reforms for the Age of Governance, ed. by J. Jordana, D. Levi-Faur, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.
  7. ITU [2004], Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2004/05. Licensing in an Era of Convergence International Telecommunication Union.
  8. Jacobzone S. [2005], Independent Regulatory Authorities in OECD Countries: an Overview [w:] Designing Independent and Accountable Regulatory Authorities for High Quality Regulation, Proceedings of an Expert Meeting in London, United Kingdom, OECD, 10-11 January 2005.
  9. Kessides I. [2003], Infrastructure Regulation. Promises, Perils and Principles, AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, Washington D.C.
  10. Larsen A., Pedersen L.H., Sørensen E.M. [2004], Independent Regulatory Authorities in Europe - Credibility and Delegation, http://www.sessa.eu.com/documents/wp/Larsen. pdf, 9.11.2005.
  11. Levine P., Stern J., Trillas F. [2005], Utility Price Regulation and Time Inconsistency: Comparisons with Monetary Policy, „Oxford Economic Papers”, nr 57.
  12. Levy B., Spiller P.T. [1994], The Institutional Foundations of Regulatory Commitment: A Comparatiive Analysis of Telecommunications Regulation, „Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization”, nr 10 (2).
  13. Majone G. [1997], From the Positive to the Regulatory State, „Journal of Public Policy", 'nr 17 (2).
  14. Majone G. [2005], Strategy and Structure. The Political Economy of Agency Independence and Accountability [w:] Designing Independent and Accountable Regulatory Authorities for High Quality Regulation, Proceedings of an Expert Meeting in London, United Kingdom, 10-11 January 2005, OECD.
  15. OECD |2000], Telecommunications Regulations: Institutional Structures and Responsibilities, OECD, Committee for Information, Computer, and Communications Policy, Paris.
  16. Pereira C., Mueller B. [2001], Credibility and the Design of Regulatory Agencies in Brazil. ECPR Standing Group on Analytical Politics and Public Choice, Working Paper 2001-2009.
  17. Smith W. [1997a], Utility Regulators - The Independence Debate, „Public Policy for the Private Sector”, nr 127.
  18. Smith W. [1997b], Utility Regulators - Roles and Responsibilities, „Public Policy for the Private Sector”, nr 128.
  19. Stern J. [1997], What Makes an Independent Regulator Independent?, „Business Strategy Review”, nr 8 (2).
  20. Thatcher M. [2002], Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: Pressures, Functions and Contextual Mediation, „West European Politics", nr 25 (1).
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
1898-6447
Język
pol
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