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Author
Dłubis Katarzyna
Title
Realizacja Planu Marshalla w Niemczech Zachodnich
Implementation of the Marshall Plan in West Germany
Source
Bank i Kredyt, 2005, nr 6, s. 58-69
Keyword
Historia polityczna, Historia gospodarcza, Pomoc gospodarcza, Plan Marshalla
Political history, Economic history, Economic assistance, Marshall Plan
Note
summ.
Country
Niemcy Zachodnie
West Germany
Abstract
Omówiono sytuację gospodarczą Niemiec po II wojnie światowej. Przedstawiono problem uwzględnienia Niemiec w Planie Marshalla.

The economic situation of Germany after World War Two was, similarly to the majority of the European countries, very hard. As a result of military actions the German industry, agriculture, and infrastructure suffered severe damage, whereas the situation on the money market was disastrous. Germany was threatened with a serious economic and financial crisis. The currency reform, introduced by the allied countries in June 1948, marked a new stage in the economic development of Germany. It was a preliminary step to the economic reform, which enabled better utilization of the potential of the German economy. The reform was closely related to the aid extended to Germany within the framework of the European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan). Under the Program, Germany received commodities of the total value of USD 1,413 mn. These consisted mainly in raw materials (52 procent and food (46 procent ; industrial fittings constituted a minor part of the deliveries. Funds from the sale of the goods served to finance investments in the commodity and energy industries, as well as in the infrastructure and housing construction. The distribution of the funds was decided upon jointly with the Economic Cooperation Administration - the Program management authority. The aid under the Marshall Plan enabled Germany to import the required commodities and goods from the dollar zone, contributed to fast recovery of the economy, and became an important component of the German "economic miracle". (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
The Main Library of the Wroclaw University of Economics
Bibliography
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Cited by
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ISSN
0137-5520
Language
pol
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