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Author
Wojtyna Andrzej (Wydział Ekonomii i Stosunków Międzynarodowych)
Title
Przyczyny i implikacje zmian w udziale zysków i płac w PKB
The Causes and implications of changes in the share of profits and wages in GDP
Source
Gospodarka Narodowa, 2009, nr 9, s. 49-66, bibliogr. 21 poz.
Keyword
Płace, Zysk, Postęp technologiczny, Globalizacja
Wages, Profit, Technological progress, Globalization
Abstract
W artykule omówiono ostatnie badania nad czynnikami odpowiedzialnymi za zmiany w funkcjonalnym podziale dochodów oraz relacji między udziałem płac i zysku w PKB. Autor opisuje kluczowe wyznaczniki teoretycznych oraz empirycznych badań i wyjaśnia dlaczego w Polsce i na świecie zwiększyło się zainteresowanie tym tematem. W drugiej części pracy omówiono kontrowersje związane z definicją i pomiarem udziału płac i zysku w PKB, część trzecia poświęcona jest ogólnym trendom historycznym związanym z podziałem zysków i płac. W części czwartej autor omawia rezultaty ostatnich badań ekonometrycznych, które biorą pod uwagę globalizację i postęp technologiczny. Część piąta dotyczy badań nad relacjami między kapitałem i pracą, które są istotne z perspektywy teoretycznych debat we współczesnej makroekonomii. Zdaniem autora przyszłe badania nad podziałem zysków i płac powinny objąć kraje na średnim i niskim poziomie rozwoju.

The paper examines the latest research into factors behind changes in the functional distribution of incomes, or the relationship between the share of wages and profits in GDP. The author describes the key determinants of theoretical and empirical research and explains why interest in these issues has increased in recent years in both Poland and elsewhere. The second part of the paper discusses the most controversial issues linked with the definition and measurement of the share of wages and profits in GDP, while part three focuses on general historic trends linked with the distribution of profits and wages. Part four discusses the results of the latest econometric research that takes into account the role of globalization and technological progress. Part five is dedicated to research dealing with capital-labor substitution, which is important from the perspective of theoretical debates in contemporary macroeconomics. The author concludes that future research into the distribution of profits and wages should cover countries with a medium and low level of development. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
The Main Library of the Wroclaw University of Economics
Bibliography
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Cited by
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ISSN
0867-0005
Language
pol
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