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Bludnik Izabela (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu)
Nowa synteza neoklasyczna w makroekonomii
New Neoclassical Synthesis in Macroeconomics
Bank i Kredyt, 2010, nr 2, s. 43-69, bibliogr. 72 poz.
Model dynamicznej stochastycznej równowagi ogólnej, Makroekonomia, Polityka pieniężna, Modele makroekonomiczne
Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE), Macroeconomics, Monetary policy, Macroeconomic models
streszcz., summ.
Od ponad 10 lat obserwuje się rozwój modeli opartych na strukturze dynamicznej stochastycznej równowagi ogólnej (DSGE), uwzględniających pewne niedoskonałości uzasadniające przejściowy wpływ polityki monetarnej na poziom aktywności gospodarczej. Są one najczęściej określane mianem nowej syntezy neoklasycznej (New Neoclassical Synthesis - NNS) i traktowane jako przejaw konsensu w makroekonomii. Modele te mają jednak elementy trudne do pogodzenia z fundamentami dwóch alternatywnych paradygmatów - klasycznego i keynesowskiego. Ponadto podstawowy model NNS wykazuje podatność na różnorodne rozszerzenia teoretyczne, co oznacza istnienie wielu jego wersji, które prowadzą do odmiennych konkluzji makroekonomicznych. Artykuł prezentuje teoretyczne fundamenty NNS oraz najważniejsze wątpliwości z nimi związane. (abstrakt oryginalny)

For about 10 years we have observed the evolution of models based on the structure of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium embodying market imperfections that rationalize the temporary effectiveness of monetary policy. They are known as new neoclassical synthesis (NNS) and commonly regarded as a sign of consensus in macroeconomics. However, these models are grounded on assumptions that are unacceptable for both classical and Keynesian paradigm. The basic NNS model can be extended in many different theoretical ways. Hence, there are various versions of the NNS model that produce mutually inconsistent macroeconomic results. (original abstract)
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