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Lipińska-Słota Alina (University of Economics in Katowice, Poland)
Transport in the Polish Logistics System
Studia Ekonomiczne / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Katowicach, 2012, nr 121, s. 147-158, tab., bibliogr. 11 poz.
Issue title
Developing of transportation flows in 21st century supply chains
Transport, Logistyka
Transport, Logistics
From the logistics point of view, the factor which best describes transport in logistics systems is the relation between the shipping costs and the level of logistics service. Most often though, the decision about choosing the mode of transport is dictated by the size of cargo and the distance it has to travel. For small freight transport over small distances the road transport is recommended. Large freight shipments over long distances require maritime transport. Railway transport is suggested for transporting heavier cargo over distances exceeding 500 km, whereas air transport - in case of smaller weight cargo over long distances. The decision about which type and mean of transport to use in the logistics system, should depend on the breakdown of shipping costs against such features of logistics services like speed of delivery i.e. the time required to ship the cargo from sender to recipient and the level of service - reliability, security, delivery punctuality and cargo securing. Also important is the infrastructure availability (along with the door-to-door capabilities) for particular type of transport and the max weight of a single consignment. (fragment of text)
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Full text
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