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Diankow Simeon (Kennedy School of Government Uniwersytetu Harvarda w Bostonie)
Pogarszająca się konkurencyjność Europy
Europe's Declining Competitiveness
Zeszyty BRE Bank-CASE, 2013, nr 127, s. 15-48
Konkurencyjność, Kryzys gospodarczy, Edukacja, Energia, Demografia
Competitiveness, Economic crisis, Education, Energy, Demography
Najistotniejszym problemem Europy wcale nie jest zacieśnienie fiskalne (ang. austerity), ale kryzys. Jak sobie z nim poradzić? Co zrobić, by zapewnić Europie spokojną przyszłość i to taką, aby nie dotknął jej kolejny kryzys? Ale to nie kryzys i nie wyjście z niego jest tematem europejskiej debaty. Podstawą dyskusji o rzeczywistym europejskim problemie, czyli przyszłości, stało się zacieśnienie fiskalne. Klasyczny temat zastępczy. (fragment tekstu)
Full text
  1. The International Monetary Fund, "Greece: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access under the 2010 Stand-By Arrangement," IMF Country Report No. 13/156, Washington, DC, June 2013.
  2. Stella Ladi, "The Eurozone Crisis and Austerity Politics: A Trigger for Administrative Reform in Greece?," GreeSE Paper No.57, Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe, April 2012.
  3. Ministry of Finance, Combating the Crisis with Determination, Madrid, September 2012.
  4. Nuria Bosch y Albert Sole, "A Preliminary Evaluation of the Local Administration Reform in Spain," University of Barcelona, March 2013.
  5. European Commission, The Quality of Public Expenditures in the EU, Occasional paper 125, December 2012, Table 1.
  6. Felix Roth and Anna-Elisabeth Thum, "The Key Role of Education in the Europe 2020 Strategy," CEPS Working Document No. 338, October 2010.
  7. Andres Cala, "Spain's Controversial Educational Reform: Will the Green Tide Wash It Away," The Christian Science Monitor, May 17, 2013.
  8. Stanley Reed, "High Energy Costs Plaguing Europe," The Wall Street Journal, December 26, 2012.
  9. Chris Bryant, "High European Energy Prices Drive BMW to the United States," The Financial Times, May 28, 2013.
  10. Michael Birnbaum, "European industry flocks to U.S. to take advantage of cheaper gas," The Washington Post, April 1, 2013.
  11. European Commission, A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050, Brussels, March 5, 2011.
  12. Joe Patterson, "In Reversal, Neighbors Squeeze Russia's Gazprom Over Natural-Gas Prices," The Wall Street Journal, May 1, 2013.
  13. Reuters, "Energy costs require rethink for EU heavy industry: IEA," May 14, 2013.
  14. Martin Feldstein, "The Effects of the Ageing European Population on Economic Growth and Budgets: Implications for Immigration and Other Policies," NBER, Working Paper 12736, Cambridge, MA, December 2006.
  15. Chiara Bosch, "EU Demographics: the Old Continent with the Aging Population," The Global Oyster, May 11, 2013.
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