- Faridah Shahadan (Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia)
- Strengthening Research and Development in Malaysian Small and Medium Industries : a Firm-Level Analysis
- Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia, 2009, nr 16, s. 381-398, rys., tab., bibliogr. 18 poz.
- Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa, Badania naukowe
Small business, Scientific research
- Malaysia is the world's third largest exporter of electrical and electronic products, however, Malaysia^ R&D intensity and density of scientists and engineers had been relatively low in the past. According to the European Commission Study on R&D activities in developing countries, the scenario of R&D in Malaysia are as follows: R&D activities in high technology manufactured by foreign MNCs in Malaysia were mostly conducted outside Malaysia and often in their home countries; and manufacturing by local enterprises were mainly in the low technology sector requiring minimal R&D activi- ties. Since the mid-1990s, there is a changing trend in R&D activities in Malaysia, as reflected by the upward trend in the total expenditure on R&D as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product since 1996. The government has developed specific policies and allocated various funds to support and encourage the private sector, particularly small and medium industries (SMIs) to conduct R&D to increase com- petitiveness. The main objective of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of R&D activities among SMIs, focusing on access to financial support, types of R&D activities, expenditure, human resources and performance in the present economic environment in Malaysia. The discussion is based on a sur- vey conducted on R&D activities among SMIs in Malaysia. The paper will be guided by the follow- ing questions: What is the trend of R&D activities in Malaysia? What is the status of R&D in Malaysia as compared to other selected countries, particularly ASEAN? What is the characteristic of R&D activities among SMIs? What are the determinants, constraints and challenges to R&D among SMIs. (original abstract)
- The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
The Main Library of the Wroclaw University of Economics
Szczecin University Main Library
- Acs, Z.J. dan Audretsch, D.B., "Innovation, Market Structure, and Firm Size", Review of Economics and Statistics, November 1987, 69, 567-75.
- Barlow, C. (ed.) (2001) Modern Malaysia in the Global Economy: Political and Social Change into the 21st Century. Cheltelham: Edward Elgar Publ.
- Freeman, C. (1991) 'Networks of Innovators: A Synthesis of Research Issues'. Research Policy. Vol.20: 499-514.
- Freeman, C. and Luc Soethe (1997) The Economics of Industrial Innovation, MIT Press.
- Graham, G.P. (1999), 'Small business participation in the global economy', European Journal of Marketing, Vol.33, No 1 / 2; pp. 88-102.
- Hall, C. (2000), APEC and SME Policy: Suggestion for an Action Agenda, http:// www.arts.monash.edu.au.
- Hodgkinson, A. (2000) The Internationalisation Process of Asian Small and Medium Firms. University of Wollongong: Department of Economics. Working Paper Series, WP 00-10.
- Jomo, K.S. (ed). (1998) Tigers in Trouble: Financial Governance, Liberation and Crises in East Asia. London: Zed Books.
- MASTIC (2002), 2000 National Survey of Research and Development, Kementerian Sains dan Alam Sekitar.
- MASTIC (2003), National Survey of Innovation 2000-2001, Kementerian Sains dan Alam Sekitar.
- MASTIC (2004), 2002 National Survey of Research and Development, Kementerian Sains dan Alam Sekitar.
- Moha Asri and Tim Beal (2003) "The Strategic Contributions of Small and Medium Enterprises to the Economies of Japan and Malaysia: Some Comparative Lessons for Malaysian SMIs ". Paper presented at The Seventh International Conference on Global Business and Economic De- velopment, Strategies For Sustainable Globalization Business Responses To Regional Demands & Global Opportunities , Bangkok, Thailand, January 8-11, 2003.
- Newall, J. (1977), 'Industrial buying behaviour: A model of the Implication of Risk Handling Behav- iour for Communication Policies in Industrial Marketing', European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 11, No. 3: 166-211.
- Porter, M (1998) Competitive Advantage of Nations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Scherer, F. M. (1984) Innovation and Growth: Schumpeterian Perspectives, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT press.
- Scott M and Richard Bruce (1993), 'Five Stages of Growth in Business', Long Range Planning, Vol. 20, No. 3:45-52.
- SMIDP (2002) SMI Development Plan (2001-2005), Kuala Lumpur: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.
- Variyam J.N. dan David S. Kraybill, (1993), 'Small Firms' Choice of Business Strategies', Southern Economic Journal, Vol 60, July, halaman 136-145.
- Cited by