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Wlazły Anna (Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie), Targoński Zdzisław (Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie)
Wykorzystanie oznaczeń stosunków stabilnych izotopów wybranych pierwiastków w ocenie autentyczności produktów pochodzących z upraw ekologicznych
Applying Determined Ratios of Stable Isotopes Ratios in Selected Elements to Evaluate Authenticity of Organically Grown Products
Żywność: nauka - technologia - jakość, 2014, R. 21, nr 1 (92), s. 5-15, tab., bibliogr. 28 poz.
Żywność, Jakość produktów żywnościowych, Badanie żywności, Produkty ekologiczne, Produkty regionalne, Towaroznawstwo żywności
Food, Food quality, Food research, Ecological product, Regional product, Food commodities
streszcz., summ.
W artykule przedstawiono stan badań dotyczący stosunków stabilnych izotopów węgla i azotu w różnych artykułach spożywczych (warzywach, owocach, mięsie, mleku), które były produkowane metodami tradycyjnymi i ekologicznymi. Miara ilości ciężkiego i lekkiego izotopu w próbce oznaczana jest jako wartość δ. Na wartość δ15N w warzywach i owocach ma wpływ między innymi rodzaj gleby, rodzaj nawożenia, poprzedni sposób użytkowania pola. Metody polegające na oznaczaniu wartości δ15N lub δ13C mogą być przydatne do odróżniania żywności ekologicznej i tradycyjnej, nie jest to jednak zasada, która dotyczy wszystkich produktów. (abstrakt oryginalny)

In the paper, the current state of research is presented with reference to carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes ratios (S) in various food products (vegetables, fruits, meat, and milk) produced using conventional and organic farming methods. The S value denotes an amount of heavy and light isotopes in a sample. The δ15N value in vegetables and fruits is affected, among other thing, by a soil and fertigation type, as well as by a farming method used previously in the field. The methods consisting in the determination of δ15N or δ13C values can be a useful tool to distinguish between organic and conventional food products; though, this principle does not involve all food products. (original abstract)
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