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Author
Akindipe Olusakin S. (Igbajo Polytechnic P M B, Nigeria)
Title
Inventory Management - a Tool for Optimal Use of Resources and Overall Efficiency in Manufacturing SMEs
Source
Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation (JEMI), 2014, vol. 10, nr 4, s. 93-113, rys., tab., bibliogr. 26 poz.
Issue title
Entrepreneurship and Performance of Firms
Keyword
Zarządzanie zapasami, Organizacje producenckie, Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa, Optymalizacja, Przedsiębiorca
Inventory management, Producer organisations, Small business, Optimalization, Entrepreneur
Note
streszcz., summ.
Abstract
Obserwacje pokazują, że istnieje poważny problem dotyczący zarządzania zapasami w organizacjach wytwarzających, w szczególności w sektorze małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw (MŚP). Sytuacja ta zrodziła chęć zbadania problemu i opracowania użytecznych sugestii. Nasza praca ma na celu podkreślenie kwestii braku efektywności praktyk zarządzania zapasami oraz ich wpływu na działalność firm produkcyjnych. W badaniu zastosowano technikę losowo dobranej próbki do wyboru jednostek mających stanowić podstawę studiów przypadku. Podstawowe dane zebrano używając ustrukturyzowanych kwestionariuszy, jak również przeprowadzono analizę współczynnika korelacji Pearsona, oraz rozkładu częstości i udziałów, w celu stworzenia adekwatnych opisów. Badanie dowodzi, że wydajne zarządzanie zapasami można osiągnąć poprzez określenie poziomów zapasów, zaangażowanie wykwalifikowanego personelu magazynu oraz użycie systemów automatycznej kontroli zapasów. Badanie dowiodło także, że osiągnięcie optymalnego wykorzystania zasobów poprzez efektywne zarządzanie zapasami wyeliminuje problem nagłego braku zapasów, wynikającą z niego słabe wykorzystanie mocy produkcyjnych, utratę czasu produkcji, a w wyniku tego poprawi ogólną efektywność MŚP z sektora wytwórczego i da szansę na zaistnienie przedsiębiorcom osiągającym dobre wyniki. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Observation shows that there is a serious problem regarding inventory management in manufacturing organizations, particularly in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This has prompted the desire to embark on a study that will examine the problem and strive to proffer useful suggestions. This paper intends to bring to the fore the salient issue of inefficiency in the practice of inventory management and its effects on production operations of manufacturing concerns. Survey design was used with the application of random sampling technique in selection of units within the case study areas. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaires and the analysis was done using Pearson correlation coefficient and frequency counts and percentages to give adequate descriptions. The study concluded that efficient management of stock would be achieved through determination of stock levels, engagement of skilled store personnel, and the use of automated stock control. It went further to assert that the achievement of optimal use of resources through efficiency in the management of stock will eliminate the problems of sudden lack of stock; the resultant low capacity utilization, loss of production time, and thereby improving overall efficiency of the manufacturing SMEs and breed high performing entrepreneurs. (original abstract)
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Bibliography
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ISSN
2299-7075
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7341/20141044
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