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Farský Ivan (Institute of Nursing, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia), Žiaková Katarína (Institute of Nursing, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia), Ondrejka Igor (Clinic of Psychiatry, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Commenius University, Slovakia)
Vplyv pohlavia, vzdelania, vierovyznania a veku na spiritualitu v dospelej populácii
Impact of Gender, Education Level, Denomination and Age to Spirituality in Adults
Humanum. Międzynarodowe Studia Społeczno-Humanistyczne, 2011, nr 6 (1), s. 275-284, bibliogr. 21 poz.
Humanum. International Social and Humanist Studies
Kobieta, Demografia, Mężczyzna, Osobowość człowieka, Potrzeby człowieka
Woman, Demography, Men, Human personality, Human needs
In the last years there is a growing discussion about importance of spirituality in the health care. Majority of research accepted potential healing influence of spirituality. But spirituality is still more unclear than clear concept. Purpose of this study was to compare selected spiritual variables (hope, meaning of life, spiritual experiences and spiritual wellbeing) in groups of healthy adults divided by gender, educational level and denomination. We examined relationship among age and spiritual variables, too. We found out no significant differences among men and women in spiritual variables. In depending on educational level we found out significant differences in spiritual well-being. Respondents with university education had significant lower level of spiritual well-being than respondents with secondary education. In accordance to denomination we found out significant differences in level of hope and spiritual well-being. Those who had different denomination as catholic or evangelical had the highest level of hope and those with any denomination had higher level of spiritual well-being than non-believers. Age had negative significant relationship only with spiritual well-being. On the one hand, our findings confirm that spirituality is a universal phenomenon that occurs in all people, whether recognized or not. On the other hand, confirm opinion of researchers who emphasize the particular personality and individuality of spirituality. (original abstract)
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