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Tulejski Tomasz (Uniwersytet Łódzki), Wierzbiński Szymon (Uniwersytet Łódzki)
Diuk, król i papież : kilka uwag na temat sporu o legalność objęcia tronu Anglii przez Williama Bastarda w 1066 roku. Cz. II
The Duke, the King and the Pope : a Few Comments on the Discussion Concerning legitimacy of William the Bastard Succession to the Throne of England in the Year 1066 (part II)
Studia Prawno-Ekonomiczne, 2014, t. 91, cz. 1, s. 217-227, bibliogr. 14 poz.
Studies in Law and Economics
Historia polityczna, Historia prawa
Political history, Legal history
It is not a secret that the war between Harold II and William the Bastard, who eventually became William the Conquer, belongs to the most discussed topics. This statement applies especially to the English scholars, who treat the issue as one of the key events in the history of their nation. However, while reading the works of these excellent scientists, one can have the impression that the topic in question was utilized to strengthen the traditional, post-Wig historiosophy. It is a very popular belief that papacy (in person of pope Alexander II) supported the Norman conquest of England in 1066. According to some of the Norman sources, William even received a papal banner which he took for his expedition. In opinion of many scholars, there are grounds to treat the invasion of Norman duke as a first crusade (mainly due to character of Alexander II support). However, both nations were Christian, so the assessment of the pope`s statement in modern history is explicit. In the second part of this paper, arguments will be given, that the Apostolic See didn`t support the Normans at the time of the conquest. The paper also examines the evolution of church` approach towards war in early middle ages.(original abstract)
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