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Kacprzak Agnieszka (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Determinants of Vertical and Horizontal Gender Segregation in the Workplace in Poland
Determinanty pionowej i poziomej segregacji ze względu na płeć w miejscu pracy w Polsce
Argumenta Oeconomica Cracoviensia, 2014, no 11, s. 63-80, tab., bibliogr. 41 poz.
Dyskryminacja w zatrudnieniu, Uwarunkowania społeczno-kulturowe, Normy społeczne
Employment discrimination, Social and cultural condition, Social norms
summ., streszcz.
Celem artykułu jest dokonanie analizy czynników wpływających na skalę segregacji zawodowej w wymiarze pionowym i poziomym w Polsce. Przedstawiono rezultaty badań jakościowych i ilościowych przeprowadzonych wśród polskich pracowników. Dane pochodzą z projektu badawczego poświęconego społecznej odpowiedzialności biznesu z perspektywy pracownika. Łącznie przeprowadzono 90 pogłębionych wywiadów indywidualnych (IDI) oraz 1000 wywiadów telefonicznych wspomaganych komputerowo (CATI) na reprezentatywnej próbie polskich pracowników. Analizie poddano grupę zmiennych związanych ze statusem społeczno-demograficznym respondenta, cechami jego organizacji i zinternalizowanymi normami i wartościami. Wyniki badań pokazują, że większość zaobserwowanych przypadków dyskryminacji jest spowodowana normami i wartościami kulturowymi polskiego społeczeństwa, które decydenci i pracownicy organizacji internalizują od wczesnych etapów procesu socjalizacji. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The aim of this article is to analyse factors influencing the level of horizontal and vertical occupational segregation in Poland. The results of qualitative and quantitative surveys conducted among Polish employees are investigated. The data are taken from a project on employee perspectives on corporate social responsibility. Ninety individual depth interviews (IDI) with participants from 22 sectors of the economy and 1000 computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) on a representative sample of Polish employees were carried out. A number of variables associated with respondents' socio-demographic status, the characteristics of respondents' organisations, and internalised values and norms, were analysed. The findings suggest that the vast majority of the observed examples of discrimination originate from the cultural values and norms of Polish society, which decision-makers and employees have internalised in the early stages of the socialisation process. (original abstract)
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