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Liuhto Kari (University of Turku, Finland)
To what extent are EU Member States economically dependent on Russia?
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia, 2015, nr 73, s. 993-1005, rys., tab., bibliogr. 13 poz.
Issue title
Ryzyko, zarządzanie, wartość
Uzależnienie, Handel międzynarodowy
Addiction, International trade
streszcz., summ..
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Economic interdependence between countries is considered to be something that forces the partners involved to cooperate with each other, and thus is seen to aid in maintaining peace between the parties. The European Economic Community was founded and based on this philosophy some 60 years ago. The pan-European peacekeeping mission has also been one of the key drivers behind the logic to build intensive economic ties between the EU and Russia. As a result of this mission, some 50 per cent of Russia's foreign trade was conducted with the EU in the period January-June 2014 despite the contemporary Cold Peace era prevailing between the parties (Customs Russia 2014). In turn, Russia's share of the EU's external trade is 9.5 per cent, making Russia the EU's third-largest trade partner after the USA and China (European Commission 2014a).(fragment of text)
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
Szczecin University Main Library
Full text
  1. Central Bank of Russia (2014), Russian Federation: Outward Foreign Direct Investment Positions by Instruments and Geographical Allocation in 2009-2013,
  2. Customs Russia (2014), Bнeшняя тopгoвля Poccийcкoй Фeдepации пo ocнoвным cтpанам за янваpь-июль 2014 г.,
  3. Customs Finland (2014), Monthly statistics on foreign trade of goods,
  4. Eurogas (2013), Eurogas Statistical Report 2013,
  5. European Commission (2014a), European Union, Trade in goods with Russia,
  6. European Commission (2014b), Countries and regions: Russia,
  7. Liuhto K. (2014), The EU's isolated gas islands and LNG receiving terminals in the Baltic Sea region, in The Baltic Sea Region 2014: Ten policy-oriented articles from scholars of the University of Turku, Ed. by K. Liuhto, Centrum Balticum Foundation, Turku, pp. 33-44.
  8. Liuhto K., Majuri S.S. (2014), Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Russia: A Literature Review, Journal of East-West Business, forthcoming.
  9. Medvedev S. (2006), EU-Russia relations: Alternative futures, FIIA Report 15/2006, The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Helsinki.
  10. Pires M.L. (2012), Europe and United States Defence Expenditure in 2010,
  11. SIPRI (2014), Military Expenditure,
  12. Statistics Lithuania (2014), Exports, imports by country, exp_2013_e.pdf.
  13. Öljyalan K. (2014), Suomen öljymarkkinat vuonna 2013, suomen-oljymarkkinat.
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