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Rodda Patricia C. (University of California, USA)
Decision-making Processes and Asylum Claims in Europe : an Empirical Analysis of Refugee Characteristics and Asylum Application Outcomes
Procesy decyzyjne w sprawie wniosków o azyl w europie : charakterystyka uchodźcy oraz analiza empiryczna wyników przyznawania azylu
Decyzje, 2015, nr 23, s. 23-46, tab., bibliogr. 59 poz.
Sytuacja polityczna, Psychologia decyzji, Podejmowanie decyzji, Uchodźcy
Political situation, Decision psychology, Decision making, Refugees
summ., streszcz.
Chociaż uchodźcy otrzymują ofertę ochrony azylowej na podstawie Konwencji dotyczącej statusu uchodźców z 1951 roku (Konwencja genewska), wiele państw stara się ograniczyć liczbę wniosków o azyl otrzymywanych każdego roku. Niektórzy badacze sądzą, że nawet bez tych środków odstraszania, niektórzy uchodźcy mają mniejszą szansę na pozytywną decyzję o przyznaniu azylu niż inni. W niniejszej pracy, na podstawie danych z 32 państw europejskich, przeanalizowano wpływ różnych cech - w tym płci, wieku, pochodzenia i kraju pochodzenia - na prawdopodobieństwo przyznania azylu. To badanie jest pierwszą próbą empirycznego przetestowania niepotwierdzonej w literaturze stronniczości w procesach decyzyjnych odnośnie do przyznawania azylu. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Although refugees are offered the potential of asylum protection through the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, many states are attempting to curtail the number of asylum applications received each year. Several scholars have argued that even without such deterrence measures, some refugees are less likely to receive a positive asylum decision than others. Using country level data for 32 European states, this project examines the effects of various characteristics - including gender, age, and state of origin - on the likelihood of being granted asylum. This study is a first attempt at empirically testing the asylum literature's anecdotal evidence of bias in the decision-making processes in determining the outcomes of asylum claims. (original abstract)
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
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