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Jagosz Barbara (University of Agriculture in Krakow)
Improving Onion Seed Germination Using Priming Treatments
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2015, nr IV/4, s. 1437-1447, tab., bibliogr. 27 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Produkcja żywności, Nasiennictwo, Warzywa
Food production, Seed, Vegetables
The effects of osmopriming 'Wolska' onion seeds on the percentage of normal and abnormal seedlings as well as the mean germination time (MGT) were studied. The priming was carried out with polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000 and PEG 8000) at 1.0 MPa and 1.5 MPa solutions. The seeds were treated in a column bioreactor for 6, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours at 15 and 20ºC. Compared to the control (untreated seeds), both PEG 6000 and PEG 8000 osmotics similarly increased the percentage of normal seedlings, reduced the percentage of abnormal seedlings and shortened MGT. Seed priming at -1.0 MPa promoted a higher percentage of normal seedlings and shorter MGT than treatment at -1.5 MPa, but both osmotic potentials enhanced those germination features relative to the untreated seeds. Compared to the control, both priming temperatures improved the tested germination traits, but treatment at 20ºC gave better results than at 15ºC. Seeds primed for 48 hours produced the highest percentage of normal seedlings and the lowest number of abnormal seedlings, but treatment for 72 hours reduced MGT the most. The best ratios of normal to abnormal seedlings were obtained after priming at 20ºC for 24 hours at -1.0 MPa and after treating for 48 hours at -1.5 MPa. The seeds primed at 20ºC for 72 hours at -1.0 MPa germinated two times faster than the control. The study showed that some of the applied priming treatments notably improved the germination characteristics of the tested 'Wolska' onion seed lot.(original abstract)
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