BazEkon - The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics

BazEkon home page

Main menu

Author
Kotowska Izabela (Akademia Morska w Szczecinie)
Title
The Influence of Sulphur Directive on the Ferry Market. Świnoujście-Ystad/ Trelleborg Ferry Lines - a Case Study
Wpływ dyrektywy siarkowej na rynek promowy. Studium przypadku połączenia promowego Świnoujście-Ystad/Trelleborg
Source
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług, 2015, nr 119, s. 11-22, rys., bibliogr. 33 poz.
Issue title
The Shipping - and Port Service Markets in the Changing Environment. Rynek usług żeglugowych i portowych w zmieniającym się otoczeniu
Keyword
Transport morski, Rozwój zrównoważony transportu
Sea transport, Sustainable development of transport
Note
streszcz., summ..
Abstract
Transport jest sektorem gospodarki, który w znacznym stopniu przyczynia się do wzrostu globalnego zanieczyszczenia. Zdecydowana większość szkodliwych substancji emitowanych w wyniku działalności transportowej pochodzi ze środków transportu drogowego. Jednakże za emisję tlenków siarki jest odpowiedzialny głównie transport morski. W styczniu 2015 roku Unia Europejska na mocy dyrektywy 2012/33 / UE wprowadziła przepisy ograniczające zawartość siarki w paliwie żeglugowym, które przyczyniły się do wzrostu kosztów operacyjnych armatorów. W artykule przedstawiono wyniki badań wpływu dyrektywy siarkowej na rynek promowy. Badania zostały oparte na analizie kosztów i wielkości przewozów ładunków na linii promowej Świnoujście-Ystad/Trelleborg w I połowie 2015 r. Przeprowadzone badania wykazały, że wprowadzenie Dyrektywy Siarkowej nie przełożyło się na obniżenie konkurencyjności połączenia promowego.(abstrakt autora)

Transport is a sector of economy that largely contributes to the growth of global pollution. A vast majority of harmful substances emitted as a result of transport activities comes from the road transport means. However, maritime transport, due to high sulphur level in the maritime fuel oil, is mainly responsible for the emission of sulphur oxides. In January 2015 European Union implemented Directive 2012/33/EU requiring a cut in sulphur emissions from vessels, by using low sulphur fuels or installing scrubbers on ships. The implementation of Sulphur Directive has led to an increase in shipowners operating costs and can cause a reduction in sea traffic. The study aims to show how the implementation of the new requirements of the sulphur content in maritime fuel oil in SECA has affected the activities of ferry companies. The research has been based on an analysis of the traffic and freight costs of ferry shipping market in the first half of 2015. The article presents the results of the case study of Świnoujście-Ystad/Trelleborg ferry routes. It demonstrates that the restrictions of sulphur content in maritime fuel oil neither result in a reduction of traffic, nor necessitate reorganization of transport chains.(author's abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
Szczecin University Main Library
Full text
Show
Bibliography
Show
  1. Bengtsson S.K., E. Fridell, K.E. Andersson., Fuels for Short Sea Shipping: A Comparative Assessment with Focus on Environmental Impact, in: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: "Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment" 2014, No. 228 (1).
  2. Bonney J. Finnish Short-Sea Line Orders Two More LNG-Fueled Ships, "The Journal of Commerce", 2014, www.joc.com/maritime-news/container-lines/finnish-short-sealine- orders-two-more-lng-fueled-ships_20140925.html.
  3. Brett D. Cost of Ocean Transport Down on Last Year Despite Sulphur Regulation, "Loading List Daily News Bulletin", 2015, www.lloydsloadinglist.com/freight-directory/ adviceandinsight/Cost-of-ocean-transport-down-on-last-year-despite-sulphur-regulation/ 61606.htm?utm_source=Lloyd s+Loading+List+Daily+News+Bulleti n &utm_campaign=5537bd7dfa-Wed_30_July7_30_2014&utm_medium=email&utm_ term =0_1a5c244239-5537bd7dfa-256684157#.VNXDi0eG_X5 .
  4. Bunkerworld 2015, http://www.bunkerworld.com/prices.
  5. de Meyer P., F. Maes & A. Volckaert., Emissions from International Shipping in the Belgian Part of the North Sea and the Belgian Seaports, "Atmospheric Environment", 2008, No. 42 (1).
  6. Directive 2005/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2005 amending Directive 1999/32/EC (OJ. L 191, 22.7.2005).
  7. Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels 2012/33/EU Directive (OJ. L 327, 27.11.2012).
  8. Dore A.J., M. Vieno, Y.S. Tang, U. Dragosits, A. Dosio, K.J. Weston, M.A. Sutton., Modelling the Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of Sulphur and Nitrogen over the United Kingdom and Assessment of the Influence of SO2 Emissions from International Shipping, "Atmospheric Environment" 2007, No. 41 (11).
  9. Doudnikoff M., R. Lacoste., Effect of a Speed Reduction of Containerships in Response to Higher Energy Costs in Sulphur Emission Control Areas, in: Transportation Research Part D: "Transport and Environment" 2014 (27).
  10. Gilbert P., From Reductionism to Systems Thinking: How the Shipping Sector Can Address Sulphur Regulation and Tackle Climate Change, "Marine Policy" 2014 (43)
  11. Holmgren J., Z. Nikopoulou, L. Ramstedt, J. Woxenius., Modelling Modal Choice Effects of Regulation on Low-Sulphur Marine Fuels in Northern Europe, in: Transportation Research Part D: "Transport and Environment" 2014 (28).
  12. Hongisto M., Impact of the Emissions of International Sea Traffic on Airborne Deposition to the Baltic Sea and Concentrations at the Coastline, "Oceanologia" 2014, Vol. 56, No. 2.
  13. IMO., Report Of The Marine Environment Protection Committee On Its Fifty-Eighth Session, Marine Environment Protection Committee, 2008, MEPC 58/23/Add.1.
  14. Kehoe J., Z. Nikopoulou, M. Liddane, L. Ramstedt, I.G. Koliousis., Impact Study of the Future Requirements of Annex VI of the MARPOL Convention on Short-Sea Shipping: Task 2 Report, "SKEMA Consolidation Study. Nautical Enterprise" (Commissioned by the European Commission), Cork, 2010.
  15. Kotowska I., Short-Sea Shipping in the Light of the Idea of Sustainable Development of Transport (in Polish), Scientific Publishing House of the Maritime University, Szczecin 2014.
  16. Martin F., DFDS to Invest Ł34 Million in Scrubber Technology, 2013, www.ferrynews. co.uk/news/dfds-invest- 34-million-scrubber-technology.
  17. Mankowska M., The Concept of Development of Passenger Ferry Services in the Baltic Sea Region in Terms of the Growing Inter-branch Competition, in: Conference Proceedings from 17th International Conference On Transport Science, Maritime, Transport and Logistics Science, Portoroz-Slovenia, 2015.
  18. Notteboom T., E. Delhay, K. Vanherle., Analysis of the Consequences of Low Sulphur Fuel Requirements, ITMMA-Universiteit Antwerpen Transport&Mobility, 2010.
  19. Panagakos G.P., E.V. Stamatopoulou, H.N. Psaraftis., The Possible Designation of the Mediterranean Sea as a SECA: A Case Study, in: Transportation Research, Part D: "Transport and Environment" 2014 (28).
  20. Pawłowska B., External Costs of Transport (in Polish), University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk 2010.
  21. Polferries 2014, www.polferries.pl.
  22. Polferries 2015, www.polferries.pl.
  23. Roueche L., Color Line to Retrofit Exhaust Gas Scrubbers, Interferry News, 2013, www. interferry.com/node/2634.
  24. Schembari C., F. Cavalli, E. Cuccia, J. Hjorth, G. Calzolai, N. Pérez, F. Raes., Impact of a European Directive on Ship Emissions on Air Quality in Mediterranean Harbours, "Atmospheric Environment" 2012 (61).
  25. Shipowners under Pressure of Ecology, "Marine Observer" 2012, www.obserwator-morski. pl/artykuly/146/Armatorzy-pod-presja-ekologii.
  26. ShipPax Data, Statistical Yearbooks of ShipPax Information (2006-2014), Halmstad, Sweden: ShipPax Information.
  27. ShippingChina 2015, http://en.shippingchina.com.
  28. Stena Line Introduces Methanol-Fuelled Ship, 2014, www.bairdmaritime.com/index. php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16255:stena-line-introduces-methanol- fuelled-ship&catid=96:cruiseferry&Itemid=116
  29. TT Line, 2014, www.ttline.com.
  30. TT Line, 2015, www.ttline.com.
  31. Unity Line, 2014, www.unityline.pl.
  32. Unity Line, 2015, www.unityline.pl.
  33. Viana M., P. Hammingh, A. Colette, X. Querol, B. Degraeuwe, I. de Vlieger, J. van Aardenne., Impact of Maritime Transport Emissions on Coastal Air Quality in Europe, "Atmospheric Environment" 2014 (90).
Cited by
Show
ISSN
1640-6818
1896-382X
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.18276/epu.2015.119-01
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu