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Author
Mitkowski Piotr Tomasz (Politechnika Poznańska), Szaferski Waldemar (Politechnika Poznańska), Marecka Agata (Politechnika Poznańska)
Title
Metody indeksowe w analizie ryzyka procesowego
Index methods in process safety analysis
Source
Logistyka, Logistyka - nauka, 2015, nr 5, CD 1, s. 1151-1158, tab., bibliogr. 34 poz.
Keyword
Przemysł chemiczny, Bezpieczeństwo, Analiza ryzyka
Chemical industry, Security, Risk analysis
Note
streszcz., summ.
Abstract
Po wypadku w Flixborough (Anglia, 1974) prof. Trevor Kletz wprowadził ideę bezpieczeństwa inherentnego, która zasadniczo jest zorientowana na eliminowanie lub łagodzenie zagrożeń i ryzyk, niż na ich kontrolowanie [2,3]. Procesy inherentnie bezpieczne to takie, które umożliwiają wybaczanie błędów ludzkich oraz niedociągnięcia projektantów. Chociaż znacząca liczba omówionych metod i narzędzi, nawet metod komputerowego wspomagania projektowania (CAD), jest dostępna dla projektantów, to wciąż jest zauważalny brak integracji tych metod z oprogramowaniem CAD wykorzystywanym przez inżynierów procesów chemicznych. Pożądanym rozwiązaniem byłoby połączenie symulatorów procesów chemicznych z narzędziem, które zapewniałoby ocenę bezpieczeństwa inherentnego po zakończeniu symulacji procesowej. Dodatkowym wyzwaniem, które stoi przed inżynierią procesów inherentnie bezpiecznych jest brak jasno określonej procedury oceny bezpieczeństwa inherentnego. Zostało to wyróżnione jako jedno z trzech wyzwań stojących przed inżynierią, obok niedostępności takich wskaźników dla procesów biotechnologicznych i nanotechnologicznych oraz złożoności procesów dynamicznych (abstrakt oryginalny)

After the accident in Flixborough (England, 1974) prof. Trevor Kletz introduced the concept of inherent safety, which in general focus on elimination or attenuation of hazards and risks than on controlling them [2,3]. Inherently safer processes are those that know how to forgive human error and shortcomings of designers. Although a number of reviewed methods and tools, even computer-aided design (CAD) methods, is available for designers, there is still a substantial gap in integration of these methods with CAD software for chemical process engineers. The ideal solution would be to combine process simulator with a tool that provide assessment of inherent safety after completing the process simulation. An additional challenge, which is in this area, is the apparent lack of clearly defined way of inherent safety assessment. This has been marked as one of the three challenges facing the engineering of inherently safer processes, in addition to the unavailability of such indicators for biotechnological and nanotechnological processes, and the complexity of dynamic processes. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
Bibliography
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ISSN
1231-5478
Language
pol
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