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Author
Kisiel-Łowczyc Anna B.
Title
Poland's Trade Within the Baltic Sea Region in Period 2000-2008
Handel bałtycki Polski w latach 2000-2008
Source
Trends in the World Economy, 2009, vol. 1, s. 39-49, tab., bibliogr. 3 poz.
Issue title
Poland in the Light of the Global Economy Tendencies
Keyword
Eksport, Handel zagraniczny, Import
Export, Foreign trade, Import
Note
streszcz.
Country
Region Morza Bałtyckiego
Baltic Sea region
Abstract
Rozwój polskiego handlu w Regionie Morza Bałtyckiego w latach 2000-2008 determinowały akcesja do UE (a szczególnie konsekwencje efektów czterech swobód, które wynikały ze wspólnego rynku) i globalizacja światowej gospodarki. Udział krajów RMB w globalnym polskim handlu wzrósł w wartościach absolutnych zarówno w eksporcie, jak i imporcie (w tym ostatnim bardziej dynamicznie). Zróżnicowane trendy charakteryzują polski eksport i import w RMB w wartościach względnych: niewielki spadek w eksporcie i wzrost importu z RMB. Struktura towarowa polskich obrotów z RMB jest różna w eksporcie (mniej przetworzone towary) i w imporcie (technologicznie zaawansowane towary, ITC, sprzęt transportowy).(abstrakt oryginalny)

Real integration of the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) - trade and complementary capital flows initiated in the 1990s - preceded the institutional integration, which was intensifi ed by the transformation processes and preparations for the accession to the European Union in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.1 The schedule of the institutional integration of the Baltic Sea Region was a consequence of the treaty-based policy of the European Community/European Union. The fi rst EC/EU enlargement involving the Baltic Sea Region took place in 1973 when Denmark, along with the UK and Ireland, joined the European Community. More than 20 years later, in 1995, the EU accepted next new member states - Austria and important Nordic economies: Sweden and Finland, which initiated the so-called Northern Dimension and the basis for cooperation between the Russian Federation and the EU. After the integration of two German countries (1990) also this country gained access to the Baltic Sea, becoming the major economic and trade player in the Baltic Sea Region. In 2004 another (fifth) enlargement took place - so far the biggest in the history of the European integration. It included four BSR countries under transition - Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. After this last enlargement, the biggest in terms of the Baltic Sea Region, the Baltic Sea has become almost the Union's internal sea. It is a precedent both on a global scale and from the viewpoint of contemporary regionalisation processes in all the aspects and mechanisms of integration: economic, institutional and spatial.(fragment of text)
Accessibility
Szczecin University Main Library
Bibliography
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  1. Statistical Yearbook of Poland, Central Statistical Offi ce, Warsaw 2008.
  2. IMF Directions of Trade Statistics, IMF, Washington 1992-2008.
  3. Kisiel-Łowczyc A.B., Bałtycka integracja ekonomiczna. Stan i perspektywy do 2010 roku, PWE, Warszawa 2000.
Cited by
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ISSN
2081-4046
Language
eng
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