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Russo Letícia Xander (State University of Maringá, Brazil)
Cost Disease of Health Care and no Growth
Choroba kosztów opieki zdrowotnej i braku wzrostu
Economic and Environmental Studies, 2016, nr 4, s. 717-728, wykr., bibliogr. 33 poz.
Opieka zdrowotna, Finanse służby zdrowia, Wzrost gospodarczy, Koszty ochrony zdrowia
Health care, Health care finance, Economic growth, Health costs
summ., streszcz.
Baumol William
W niniejszym artykule zbadano, czy opieka zdrowotna znajduje się pod wpływem choroby kosztów Baumola w scenariuszu zerowego wzrostu. Według modelu Baumola na sektory znajdujące się w stagnacji oddziałuje wzrost płac wywołany wzrostem produktywności. Jednak w gospodarce o wzroście zerowym dochód jest stały. Przebadano to w dwóch przypadkach instytucjonalnych, selektywnej redukcji produktywności oraz redukcji godzin pracy. W obu przypadkach choroba kosztów nie wpłynęła na opiekę zdrowotną. Jednak drugi scenariusz dostarczył bardzo istotnych wyników. W analizowanym sektorze, przy powolnym wzroście produktywności, niezbędna będzie większa liczba pracowników. W przeciągu następnych lat relatywny koszt opieki zdrowotnej wzrośnie. Z tego względu, mimo że choroba kosztów nie dotyczy sektora zdrowotnego, relatywny koszt opieki zdrowotnej będzie nadal rósł. (abstrakt oryginalny)

This study examines whether health care is affected by Baumol's cost disease in a scenario of no growth. Baumol's model implies that stagnant sectors are driven by wage increases in excess of productivity growth. But in a no growth economy the income is constant. It is investigated in two institutional proposals, selective reduction of productivity and reduction of working hours. In both scenarios the cost disease does not affects the health care. However, in the second scenario an important result is found. In this sector, with slow productivity growth, will be necessary a greater number of workers. The relative cost of health care will increase over the years. Therefore, although the cost disease does not affect the health sector in a no growth economy, the relative cost of health should continue to rise. (original abstract)
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