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Kaniszewski Stanisław (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice), Kowalski Artur (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice), Dyśko Jacek (Research Institute of Horticulture,Skierniewice)
Effect of Irrigation and Organic Fertilization on the Yield of Crisphead Lettuce Grown under Ecological Conditions
Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich, 2017, nr II/1, s. 545-553, rys., tab., bibliogr. 13 poz.
Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas
Produkcja rolna, Warzywnictwo, Rolnictwo ekologiczne, Woda, Nawożenie gruntów, Nawadnianie
Agricultural production, Vegetable farming, Ecological agriculture, Water, Fertilization of land, Irrigation
The aim of the study conducted in the years 2014-2016 was to determine the effects of different irrigation systems and doses of different organic fertilizers on the yield of crisphead lettuce. The experiments were conducted in a certified organic field of the Research Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice. The study compared micro-sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and the control combination (without irrigation). The fertilization combinations involved the use of compost at 30 t/ha, Ekofert L in a dose corresponding to 50 and 100 kg N/ha, Fertilan L in a dose corresponding to 50 and 100 kg N/ha, and the control (no fertilizer). It was found that the use of irrigation in the first and third year of the study did not produce positive results, which was due to sufficient rainfall that fully satisfied the water requirements of lettuce plants. However, with a total rainfall not exceeding 80 mm (in 2015), the use of the irrigation systems had a significant impact on yield. Compared with the control, the irrigation with micro-sprinklers in 2015 increased the yield of lettuce by 35%, and in the case of drip irrigation by 40%. The response of lettuce plants to the applied organic fertilization varied in the individual years of the study; however, of all the tested fertilization treatments, the use of compost at 30 t/ha produced the best yield-enhancing effect. Fertilization with the lucerne-based fertilizers resulted in an increase in yield, in relation to the control combination, in only one year of the study (2015).(original abstract)
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