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Author
Oláh Judit (University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary), Lakner Zoltán (University of Szent István, Budapest, Hungary), Hollósi Dávid (Erste Bank Hungary Zrt., Budapest, Hungary), Popp József (University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary)
Title
Inventory Methods in Order to Minimize Raw Materials at the Inventory Level in the Supply Chain
Metody zarządzania zapasem w celu zminimalizowania poziomu zapasu surowców w obrębie łańcucha dostaw
Methoden für die Gezielte Bestandsführung Zwecks der Minimalisierung vom Niveau des Vorratsbestandes von Rohmaterialien Innerhalb Einer Lieferkette
Source
LogForum, 2017, vol. 13, nr 4, s. 439-454, rys., tab., bibliogr. 35 poz.
Keyword
Zarządzanie zapasami, Surowce, Łańcuch dostaw, Zarządzanie zapasami przez dostawcę
Inventory management, Raw materials, Supply chain, Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI)
Note
summ., streszcz., zfsg.
Abstract
Wstęp: Każda międzynarodowa organizacja producenta dąży do ukształtowania swoich procesów tak, aby zminimalizować koszty i zmaksymalizować zysk. Głównym celem jest utrzymanie zapasów na możliwie najniższym poziomie w celu zminimalizowania kosztów. W obrębie organizacji poddanej analizie istnieje kilka różnych procesów. Jednym z nich jest system VMI (Vendor Managed Inventory), w obrębie, którego dostawca zarządza zapasem klienta. Innym systemem jest proces zarządzania zapasem konsygnacyjnym, w którym dostawca przechowuje zapasy w lokalizacji klienta. Celem tej pracy jest analiza czy zastosowanie obu tych metod umożliwia obniżkę kosztów w analizowanej organizacji i jeśli tak, to, w jakim rozmiarze.
Metody: W ramach pracy przeprowadzono analizę przypadku (case study) u producenta na terenie Węgier, w regionie północnym kraju. Analizy przeprowadzono na podstawie odpowiednich danych otrzymanych z systemu SAP, dostarczonych przez analizowane przedsiębiorstwo. Okres poddany analizie trwał od 1 do 14 lipca 2016.
Wyniki: Uzyskane wynika umożliwiły opisanie efektu wzmocnienia w obrębie łańcucha dostaw oraz zademonstrowanie możliwości jego zmniejszenia. W tracie badań wykazano, że analizowane przedsiębiorstwa jest w stanie zaoszczędzić istotną wartość w obrębie materiałów opakowaniowych. Analizie poddano pozycje z tej grupy o dużych wolumenach w celu określenia potencjalnych oszczędności. Proces ten został zarekomendowanych przedsiębiorstwu do stosowania w przyszłości, również dla nowych dostawców. Druga analizowaną metodą minimalizacji poziomów zapasów był proces zakupu konsygnacyjnego. Wykazano, że proces zakupu konsygnacyjnego jest najlepszą metodą obniżki analizowanych kosztów.
Wnioski: Badania zaprezentowały obecny system zarządzania łańcuchem dostaw, jego wady oraz potencjalne kierunki rozwoju. Uzyskane wyniki zwróciły uwagę zarówno węgierskim jak i międzynarodowym przedsiębiorstwom na istotę spójnego zarządzania łańcuchem dostaw oraz szeroki wachlarz dostępnych narzędzi dla zwiększania efektywności łańcucha dostaw, a dzięki temu do zwiększenie poziomu obsługi klienta. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Background: Each international producing organization seeks to implement its processes more effectively to minimize its costs and to maximize its profit. The primary purpose is to keep their inventory value at the lowest possible rate to minimize costs. To this end, the investigated organization operates several processes. One of them is the so-called Vendor Managed Inventory [VMI], in which the supplier manages the inventory at the customer and the second is the consignment inventory processing, in which suppliers store goods at the customer location. The principal goal of this paper is to examine whether the application of these methods may result in cost-effective savings for the examined organization and if yes, to what extent.
Methods: This research was carried out in the framework of a case study at a producing organization in Hungary. The selected case is the producing organization located in the North-Great Plain Region in Hungary. Analyses were performed using the relevant data from the inventory reports exported by the SAP as provided by the enterprise. The research was performed in the examined enterprise between 1st - 14th July 2016.
Results: The situation analysed in this study provides an opportunity to describe the bullwhip effect and to demonstrate the opportunities to reduce it. This study found that the investigated company could save considerable amounts on packaging materials. We examined six high-volume packaging materials to identify the amount of potential savings. The process is recommended for the company to maintain it in the future; moreover, to expand it in the circle of new suppliers as well. The other investigated method for the minimization of inventory levels was the consignment procurement process. It can be concluded that consignment procurement process is the best method to reduce the examined costs.
Conclusion: This research revealed the current distribution-side supply chain management practice, pinpointed the shortcomings and the potential directions of development. The obtained results draw the attention of Hungarian and international enterprises to the importance of conscious supply chain management and the wide range of tools which are available for the development of supply chain efficiency, thereby achieving a higher level of customer service. (original abstract)
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ISSN
1895-2038
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.17270/J.LOG.2017.4.5
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