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Author
Białek Katarzyna (University of Warsaw)
Title
Entrepreneurship of Women and Men in Poland - Job Changes or Becoming a Firm Owner
Przedsiębiorczość kobiet i mężczyzn w Polsce - zmiany pracy a decyzja o założeniu firmy
Source
International Journal of Contemporary Management, 2017, vol. 16, nr 1, s. 83-108, rys., tab., aneks, bibliogr. 39 poz.
Keyword
Kobieta, Mężczyzna, Przedsiębiorczość, Przedsiębiorca, Samozatrudnienie
Woman, Men, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur, Self-employment
Note
summ., streszcz.
Abstract
Tło badań. Wcześniejsze badania pokazały, że kobiety rzadziej decydują się na założenie firmy. Jedną z kwestii, na którą warto zwrócić uwagę, jest pytanie o to, czy charakterystyki kobiet i mężczyzn, którzy podjęli decyzję o założeniu firmy, różnią się od charakterystyk osób, które zmieniły miejsce pracy.
Cel badań. W artykule bada się różnice i podobieństwa między charakterystykami kobiet i mężczyzn, którzy zdecydowali się założyć firmę, a tymi, którzy zmienili miejsce pracy.
Metodologia. W badaniu wykorzystuje się dane z badania "Diagnoza Społeczna 2015 - warunki i jakość życia Polaków". Do zweryfikowania zależności została wykorzystana metoda drzew decyzyjnych. Wśród badanych czynników można wymienić: poziom wykształcenia, wiek, region, wielkość miejscowości, zmienne społeczne i psychologiczne.
Kluczowe wnioski. Badanie pokazało, że stan cywilny i kapitał społeczny są charakterystykami istotnymi dla kobiet, które założyły firmę, podczas gdy dla mężczyzn, którzy podjęli decyzję o założeniu firmy, istotne okazały się długość okresu bezrobocia i doświadczenie zawodowe za granicą. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Background. Previous studies have established a negative relationship between becoming a firm owner and gender. A question may arise if there are any differences between those who change their job to wage employment and people who set up a company.
Research aims. This study examines the differences and similarities between women and men who switched to entrepreneurship and those who changed their job to labour employment.
Methodology. Data from the Social Diagnosis 2015 - Objective and Subjective Quality of Life in Poland Survey are used to examine the relationship. The study uses a classification tree to examine the differences. The factors examined are as follows: education level, age, region, size of the city, social variables, and psychological characteristics.
Key findings. We find that marital status and social capital are important for women who switched into entrepreneurship, while length of unemployment and experience in working abroad are significant for male entrepreneurs. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
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Bibliography
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Cited by
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ISSN
2449-8920
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4467/24498939IJCM.17.004.7048
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