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Author
Duarte Nelson (Polytechnic of Porto, CIICESI, CETRAD), Szczepaniak Krzysztof (University of Gdansk, Poland), Santos Vitor Ricardo (Polytechnic of Porto; CIICESI; CETRAD), Sousa Cristóvao (Polytechnic of Porto; CIICESI; CETRAD), Gonçalves Pereira Carla Sofia (Polytechnic of Porto; INESC-TEC; CIICESI)
Title
A Model for Knowledge Transfer in the University-Industry Relations
Source
Roczniki Kolegium Analiz Ekonomicznych / Szkoła Główna Handlowa, 2017, nr 44, s. 211-236, tab., bibliogr. 50 poz.
Issue title
Uwarunkowania funkcjonowania gospodarki cyfrowej
Keyword
Transfer wiedzy, Przedsiębiorczość, Spin-off, Przedsiębiorstwo typu start-up
Knowledge transfer, Entrepreneurship, Spin-off, Startup
Note
streszcz., summ.
Abstract
System szkolnictwa wyższego, w szczególności uniwersytety i politechniki, ma ogromny potencjał w zakresie wspierania innowacji oraz przedsiębiorczości wśród swoich pracowników i studentów. Pomimo faktu, że innowacyjność i przedsiębiorczość są w ostatnich latach wskazywane jako kluczowe elementy wielu programów oraz projektów, nie sformułowano dotychczas jednolitej i unikalnej definicji służącej określeniu charakteru oraz zasad współpracy w relacji uczelnia wyższa-biznes. Celem artykułu jest przeprowadzenie analizy porównawczej modeli transferu wiedzy z uczelni wyższych do biznesu na podstawie doświadczeń Portugalii i Polski. Wykorzystując jako metodę badawczą studium przypadku, w niniejszym artykule po raz pierwszy porównano systemy wsparcia transferu technologii do biznesu na dwóch uczelniach: Politechnice w Porto, Szkole Technologii i Zarządzania (Portugalia) i Uniwersytecie Gdańskim, komercjalizującym wiedzę poprzez Centrum Transferu Technologii oraz spółkę celową TechTransBalt Sp. z o.o. (Polska). Na podstawie dokonanego przeglądu literatury zaproponowano ponadto model umożliwiający przeprowadzenie analizy tego, w jaki sposób obie te instytucje wspierają swoje wydziały oraz studentów we wdrażaniu innowacji. Na zakończenie, wykorzystując zaproponowany model, autorzy przeprowadzili badania porównawcze oraz wyjaśnili, jak te dwie instytucje odkrywają potencjał swoich pracowników i studentów oraz wpierają tworzenie akademickich start-upów, jak również przedstawili sposoby rozwoju technologii i transferu wiedzy z uczelni wyższych do biznesu.(abstrakt oryginalny)

"Knowledge and the way how organisations work with it directly influences their readiness for action and success, especially in knowledge society" (Mládková, 2014)6. According to Nonaka & Takeuchi (1996)7, most western managers understand that useful knowledge is "hard" or quantifiable (Explicit). However, these authors argue that knowledge depends on tapping the tacit and often highly subjective insights, intuitions, and ideals of employees (Tacit).(author's abstract)
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ISSN
1232-4671
Language
eng
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