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Knop Lilla (Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice), Odlanicka-Poczobutt Monika (Silesian University of Technology, Poland)
The Typology and Components of Ecosystems in Business
Business and Non-profit Organizations Facing Increased Competition and Growing Customers' Demands, 2018, vol. 17, s. 403-422, rys., tab., bibliogr. 42 poz.
Ekosystem, Przegląd literatury, Działalność gospodarcza
Ecosystem, Literature review, Business activity
The concept of ecosystems has taken root in the economic life of organizations and networks, but despite the steady increase in their importance, they are still poorly recognized. The significant number of publications indicates that the topic of ecosystems in business is experiencing growth. Accordingly, the following objectives were assumed in this article: identification of criteria for the division of ecosystems based on the goal of their activity, and determination of the main components that make them up. A lack of systematization in the area of division and composition of ecosystems was considered a research gap by the authors, and as such, it is intended to be further investigated in future articles. This article focuses on the systematic collection and analysis of data derived from scientific sources (Web of Knowledge). The research was carried out using a qualitative approach, in which the literature review revealed the diversity of the concept of an ecosystem and changes concerning its constituent elements. Based on selected definitions of ecosystems, three criteria were distinguished, which became the basis for defining the types of ecosystems: subjective, objective, and scope-related. In the subsequent stage, the level of interest in the concept of ecosystems was presented using Google Trends analyses. In the third stage, a preliminary bibliometric analysis was carried out based on the analysis of the number of publications (distributed over time) on ecosystems in scientific databases. The discussion of the research consists of the components of ecosystems. As a result, the infrastructure of the ecosystem becomes a biotope (inanimate, material elements of the system), while the principal actors, their competences and created knowledge, are a biocenosis of the ecosystem, i.e., a "living organism" occurring in a given area, where both the biotope and the biocenosis are mutually engaged in different relationships and a range of activities to form a consistent whole. The formation of changing networks of connections in business means that organizations and the environment influence one another, therefore prompting ecosystems to constantly coevolve. The necessity for further research on ecosystems, based on full bibliometric analyses and research productivity, is emphasized in the conclusion of this paper. Said analyses are to allow the determination of guidelines for modeling various types of ecosystems existing in business. (original abstract)
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