BazEkon - The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics

BazEkon home page

Main menu

Khan Syed Abdul Rehman (Tsinghua University, Beijing, China), Yu Zhang (Chang'an University, Xi'an, China), Golpîra Hêriş (Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran), Sharif Arshian (Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate school of Business, Universiti Utara, Malaysia)
The Nexus Between Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Performance: An Empirical Evidence
Związek pomiędzy odpowiedzialnością społeczną firmy a jego sposobem działania
LogForum, 2019, vol. 15, nr 2, s. 291-303, rys., tab., bibliogr. 49 poz.
Społeczna odpowiedzialność biznesu, Etyka biznesu, Przywództwo, Produkt
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Business ethics, Leadership, Product
summ., streszcz.
This work has been fully supported/funded by Connecting Europe Facility TRANSPORT under Grant No. 2014-EU-TM-0686-S "e-Freight Implementation Action (e-Impact)".
Wstęp: W pracy zaprezentowano analizę zależności pomiędzy praktykami CSR (społeczna odpowiedzialność przedsiębiorstwa) a sposobem działania przedsiębiorstwa. Zostały zebrane dane z 248 przedsiębiorstw zlokalizowanych w różnych przemysłowych obszarach Karachi, głównie w obszarze przemysłowym S.I.T.E, obszarze przemysłowym Federal-B, obszarze przemysłowym West Wharf, obszarze przetwórstwa Karachi Export, obszarze przemysłowym Bin Qasim oraz obszarze przemysłowym Korangi. Metody: W pracy zastosowano SEM (modelowanie strukturalne) dla testowania hipotez za pomocą programu AMOS. Stosowanie praktyk CSR było oceniane poprzez "zielone zaprojektowanie produktu", "przywództwo etyczne", "budowanie infrastruktury szpitalnej i szkolnej" oraz "kształcenie w obszarze ochrony środowiska". Wyniki: Otrzymane wyniki wykazały, że przywództwo etyczne jest silnie pozytywnie związane z praktykami CSR, co potwierdza, że etyczne przywództwo posiada silny potencjał wdrożenia praktyk CSR w ramach firmy oraz w jej otoczeniu. Wyniki wskazują również, że praktyki CSR wzmacniają działanie przedsiębiorstwa. Wnioski: Zaprezentowane w pracy badania wskazują na zależność pomiędzy praktykami CSR oraz sposobem działania przedsiębiorstwa. Dodatkowo, są one pomocą dla zarządzających wyższego szczebla dla zrozumienia istotności praktyk CSR. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Background: This study investigates the relationship between CSR (corporate social responsibility) practices and enterprise performance. We have collected the data from 248 different enterprises located in different industrial areas of Karachi, mainly including S.I.T.E industrial area, Federal-B industrial zone, and West Wharf industrial area, Karachi Export processing zone, Bin Qasim industrial zone, and Korangi industrial zone. Methods: The study mainly employed SEM (structural equation modeling) to test hypotheses in AMOS software. The practices of CSR were measured through 'green design of products', 'ethical leadership', 'building school and hospital infrastructure', and 'environmental protection training'. Results: The findings revealed that ethical leadership is strongly and positively correlated with CSR practices, which confirmed that ethical leadership has strong potential to implement CSR practices inside and outside of the firms. The results further indicate that CSR practices enhance enterprise performance. Conclusions: This research provides insight into the relationship between CSR practices and enterprise performance. Further, this study will help senior managers, and practitioners to understand the significance of CSR practices. (original abstract)
Full text
  1. Abdullah M I, Ashraf S, and Sarfraz M., 2017. The organizational identification perceptive of CSR on creative performance: The moderating role of creative self-efficacy, Sustainability, 9(11):2125,
  2. Bagozzi R.P., Yi Y., 1988. On the evaluation of structural equation model. Journal of Academy of Marketing Sciences, 16(1), 7494.
  3. Bentler P.M., Bonett D.G., 1980. Significance Tests and Goodness-of-Fit in Analysis of Covariance Structures, Psychological Bulletin, 88(3): 588-606,
  4. Bowen, H.R., 1953. Social Responsibilities of the Businessman, New York: Harper & Row.
  5. Brown M.E., Treviño L.K., Harrison D.A., 2005. Ethical leadership: A social learning theory perspective for construct development. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 97: 117-134.
  6. Browne M.W., Cudeck R., 1993. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
  7. Büyüközkan G., Çifçi G., 2012. Evaluation of the green supply chain management practices: a fuzzy ANP approach. Prod Planning Control 23(6):405-418.
  8. Byrne B.M., 2010. Structural equation modeling with A
  9. Cook J., Smith B.J., 1992. Designing as an effective environmental training program. Journal of Environmental Regulation. 1992, 1: 53-62.
  10. Dekker, Bloemhof, Mallidis, 2012. Operations Research for Green Logistics - An Overview of Aspects, Issues, Contributions and Challenges, European Journal of Operational Research, 219(3): 671-679.
  11. Edhi Foundation [Accessed on March 3, 2018]
  12. Ehsan S., Kaleem A., 2012. An empirical investigation of the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance (Evidence from manufacturing sector of Pakistan), Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(3)29092922.
  13. Elasrag H., 2015. Corporate social responsibility: An Islamic Perspective. Munich Personal REPEC Archive. Online at MPRA Paper 67537, posted 30. October 2015 21:11 UTC.
  14. Engro Corporation http://engrofoun [Accessed: March 26, 2018].
  15. Fombrun C., Shanley M., 1990. What's in a name? Reputation building and corporate strategy. Academy of Management Journal, 33: 233-258.
  16. Gray D.E., 2004. Doing research in the real world. London, Sage Publications.
  17. Groves K.S., LaRocca M.A., 2011. An empirical study of leader ethical values, transformational and transactional leadership, and follower attitudes toward corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 103: 511-528.
  18. Hair J.F., Black W.C., Babin B.J., Anderson R.E., 2010. Multivariate data analysis. Prentice Hall.
  19. Hameed S.K., 2010. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) theory and practice in Pakistan. Master's Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden, 23 December 2010.
  20. Hartley J.L., Choic T.Y., 1996. Supplier development: customers as a catalyst for process change. Business Horizons 39(4):37-44.
  21. Hertel M., Wiesent J., 2013. Investments in information systems: a contribution to sustainability. Inf Syst Front 15(5):815- 829.
  22. Hossain M.T.B., Siwar C., 2009. A Comparative Analysis between Islamic Concept on Corporate Social Responsibility and Malaysia Mangers Opinion. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 20(3), 290-298.
  23. Khan S.A.R, Dong Q, Zhang Y., 2017. The impact of green supply chain on enterprise performance: In the perspective of China, Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems, 16, 2, 1-11.
  24. Khan, S.A.R., Qianli D., 2017. Impact of green supply chain management practices on firms' performance: an empirical study from the perspective of Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.
  25. Leech N.L., Barett K.C., Morgan G.A., 2005. SPSS for intermediate statistics: Use and interpretation. New Jersey, United States: Lawrence Erlbaum Associations, Inc.
  26. Lei P.W., Wu Q., 2007. Introduction to structural equation modeling: Issues and practical considerations. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 26(3), 33-43.
  27. Liu L, Tang M, Xue F., 2012. the impact of manufacturing firms' green supply chain management on competitive advantage. Adv Mater Res 472-475:3349-3354.
  28. Liu Y., Loi R., Lam L.W., 2013. Exemplification and supervisor-rated performance: The moderating role of ethical leadership. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 21(2): 145-154.
  29. Manrique S., 2017. Analyzing the Effect of Corporate Environmental Performance on Corporate Financial Performance in Developed and Developing Countries.
  30. Mayer D.M., Aquino K., Greenbaum R.L., Kuenzi M., 2012. Who displays ethical leadership and why does it matter? An examination of antecedents and consequences of ethical leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 55: 151- 171.
  31. Molina L.M., Montes J.L., Ruiz-Moreno A., 2007. Relationship between quality management practices and knowledge transfer. Journal of Operations Management, 25(3), 682-701.
  32. Murovec N., Erker R.S., Prodan I., 2012. Determinants of environmental investments: testing the structural model. J Clean Prod 37:265-277.
  33. Pereira-Moliner J., Claver-Cortes E., MolinaAzorin J.F., Jose Tari J., 2012. Quality management. Environmental management and firm performance: direct and mediating effects in the hotel industry, Journal of Cleaner Production 37:82-92.
  34. Perron, M., Co R.P., Duffy J.F., 2006. Improving environmental awareness training in business, 14. .
  35. Reynolds S.J., Ceranic T.L., 2007. The effects of moral judgment and moral identity on moral behavior: An empirical examination of the moral individual. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92: 1610-1624.
  36. Rodriguez-Fernandez M., 2016. Social responsibility and financial performance : The role of good corporate governance. Cuadernos de Economía Y Dirección de La Empresa, 19(2), 137-151.
  37. Sama L.M., Shoaf V., 2008. Ethical leadership for the professions: Fostering a moral community. Journal of Business Ethics, 78: 39-46.
  38. Seggie S.H., Cavusgil E., Phelan S.E., 2007. Measurement of return on marketing investment: A conceptual framework and the future of marketing metrics. Industrial Marketing Management 36(6):834- 841.
  39. Sheldon C., 1997. ISO 14001 and Beyond: Environmental Management Systems in the Real World. Greenleaf Publishing. 410.ISBN 9781874719014.
  40. Sit W.Y., Ooi K.B., Lin B., Chong A.Y.L., 2009. TQM and customer satisfaction in Malaysia's service sector. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 109(7), 957-975.
  41. Stanaland A.J.S., Lwin M.O., Murphy P.E., 2011. Consumer perceptions of the antecedents and consequences of corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 102: 47-55.
  42. Tekin E.K., Tozan H., 2015. Corporate social responsibilty in Supply Chains (Chapter 1), published by Intech Publisher.
  43. Vitell S.J., Paolillo J.G.P., 2004. Cultural study of the antecedents of the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility. Business Ethics: A European Review, 13(2/3): 185- 200.
  44. Vitell S.J., Paolillo J.G.P., Thomas J.L., 2003. The perceived role of ethics and social responsibility: A study of marketing professionals. Business Ethics Quarterly, 13(1): 63-86.
  45. Yawar H.M., 2009. CSR Pakistan Evolution, Rise, and Impact of Socio-Economic Development; Capital Business (Pvt) Ltd.: Lahore, Pakistan.
  46. Zhu Y., Sun L., Leung A.S.M., 2013. Corporate social responsibility, firm reputation, and firm performance: The role of ethical leadership, Asia Pacific Journal of Management 31(4): 925-947,
  47. Zhu Q., Sarkis J., Cordeiro J.J., Lai K.-H., 2008. Firm-level correlates of emergent green supply chain management practices in the Chinese context. Omega, 36, 577- 591.
  48. Zinkin J., 2007. Islam and CSR: A study of the compatibility between the tenets of Islam, the UN Global Compact and the Development of Social, Human and Natural Capita. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 14, 206-218.
  49. Zinkin J., 2004. Getting CSR right. Paper at the conference CSR - Creating Competitive Advantage, Kuala Lumpur, 2004.
Cited by
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu