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Author
Świetlik Krystyna (Instytut Ekonomiki Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej - PIB, Warszawa)
Title
Zmienność światowych cen żywności w latach 2000-2018
Changeability of World Food Prices During 2000-2018
Source
Zeszyty Naukowe SGGW w Warszawie. Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 2019, t. 19(34), z. 2, s. 196-209, rys., tab., bibliogr. 68 poz.
Scientific Journal Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW - Problems of Word Agriculture
Keyword
Żywność, Ceny żywności, Indeks cen, Niestabilność kursu walutowego
Food, Food prices, Price index, Exchange rate instability
Note
streszcz., summ.
Abstract
Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie głównych kierunków zmian światowych cen artykułów rolno-spożywczych w latach 2000-2018, określenie stopnia ich zmienności i wskazanie przyczyn tych zjawisk. Głównym źródłem danych były średnie roczne indeksy cen żywności FAO. Przeprowadzone analizy pokazały, że w 2011 r. światowe ceny żywności osiągnęły poziom ponad dwuipółkrotnie wyższy niż w 2000 r., a w całym badanym okresie zwiększyły się o 85%. Najbardziej wzrosły ceny olejów roślinnych na skutek rozwoju produkcji biopaliw. Największe fluktuacje cen odnotowano na rynkach cukru i produktów mlecznych, a najmniejsze na rynku mięsa. Stwierdzono, że w długim okresie decydujący wpływ na kształtowanie się światowych cen żywności miały uwarunkowania popytowe, natomiast w okresach krótkich - szoki podażowe. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The aim of the paper is to present the main direction of change in global prices of farm and food products during 2000-2018, determination of the level of change and indication of the reasons for these phenomena. The main source for the data was average annual indices of food prices from the FAO. The analyses showed that in 2011 global food prices reached a level over two and a half times higher than in 2000, but during the period under investigation they increased by 85%. The greatest increase was in the price of vegetable oils due to the development of biofuels. The largest fluctuations in prices were noted in the sugar and dairy markets, and the smallest in the meat market. It was concluded that during longer periods demand had the greatest influence on global food prices, while during shorter periods it was drastic changes in supply. (original abstract)
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Bibliography
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ISSN
2081-6960
Language
pol
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.22630/PRS.2019.19.2.35
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