BazEkon - The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics

BazEkon home page

Main menu

Author
Alejziak Wiesław (University of Physical Education in Krakow)
Title
Methodological Imaging of Academic Works© as a Method of Visualizing Academic Activities (Based on Articles Published in "Folia Turistica" in 2014-2018)
Source
Folia Turistica / Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. B. Czecha w Krakowie, 2019, nr 50(1), s. 67-97, rys., tab., bibliogr. 48 poz.
Keyword
Piśmiennictwo naukowe, Czasopiśmiennictwo, Analiza piśmiennictwa ekonomicznego, Analiza bibliometryczna, Metodologia badań, Wizualizacja danych, Turystyka
Scientific literature, Periodicals, Economic literature analysis, Bibliometric analysis, Research methodology, Data visualisation, Tourism
Note
summ., Folia Turistica - creating an English-language version of the journal - task financed under agreement No. 885/P-DUN/2019 from the funds of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) designated for activity aimed at the popularization of science.
Abstract
Purpose. The basic aim of our research was to establish the applicability of an innovative method of academic visualization, which the author has tentatively called Methodological Imaging of Academic Worksc (in Polish - Obrazowanie Metodologiczne Prac Naukowych - OMPNc), as an instrument to enhance the information content of traditional abstract systems used in academic periodicals, with graphic abstracts presenting the methodological profile of articles. The method was verified by identifying the study methods and procedures in academic articles in Folia Turistica and by defining and comparing the methodological profiles of various issues and annuals of the magazine published in 2014-2018. The identification and comparison of the authors' research methods is an additional, though no less important aim of the work, especially given the anniversary issues.
Method. The OMPNc method is based on information acquired from authors (through surveys) on the methodology they use in their work. This information has been used to create profiles of various academic articles, to define an overall profile of the journal, as well as profiles of the thematic and varia issues. The surveys used a twenty-part set of methodological traits, arranged in ten pairs of opposites: quantity research - quality research, analysis - synthesis, induction - deduction, etc., and the authors gauged (on a scale of 0-5) how far a trait applied to their publication, attempting to identify more with one side of each pair. The research covered all the articles published in the relevant period (N=186), gaining information on 60% of the articles.
Results. Graphic methodological abstracts using OMPNc could become an interesting tool to enhance the traditional abstract, informing readers of the basic methodological attributes of various articles and entire issues, and even of the methodological profiles of entire academic magazines, in a simple fashion. In analyzing the profile of Folia Turistica the research shows that, in the relevant period, its academic articles contained a wide variety of methodologies. The majority was empirical, multidisciplinary, and quality research (as opposed to theoretical, monodisciplinary, and quantity research, respectively), which far more often concerned culture in its broadest definition (i.e. economy, society) than nature. Respondents somewhat more frequently saw their work as positivist than interpretive; the knowledge it produced, they believed, was more idiographic than nomothetic.
Research and conclusions limitations. This research method is based on the authors' opinions from a special survey. This makes it highly subjective. Taking this into consideration, and trying to objectify the study as far as possible, each of the authors, along with the survey and a letter outlining the aim of the research, received a specially-produced ten-page "methodological glossary," with a brief outline of scholarly approaches and methodological traits that form the basis for OMPNc. We should stress that the authors were entirely free in describing the methodological traits of their works.
Practical implications. The research demonstrates that OMPNc can be used in a variety of magazines, regardless of the field of study, as a graphical supplement to descriptive abstracts.
Originality. This article presents the author's innovative concept.
Type of article. This article presents a new way of analyzing and depicting the methodological aspects of academic studies, based on empirical research. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
Full text
Show
Bibliography
Show
  1. Alejziak W. (2016), 'Annals of Tourism Research' jako źródło wiedzy o osiągnięciach badawczych antropologii w dziedzinie turystyki ['Annals of Tourism Research' as a Source of Knowledge on Anthropological Research in Tourism], "Folia Turistica", No. 39, pp. 11-46.
  2. Alejziak W. (2008), Metodologia badań w turystyce [The Methodology of Research in Tourism], in: Turystyka w naukach humanistycznych (ed. R. Winiarski), Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, pp. 140-164.
  3. Alejziak W. (2018), Metodologia nauk prawnych a metodologia badań nad turystyką - w poszukiwaniu podobieństw oraz różnic w paradygmatach i podejściach badawczych [The Methodology of Legal Studies and the Methodology of Tourism Research - In Search of Similarities and Differences in Research Paradigms and Approaches], in: Prawne aspekty podróży i turystyki - historia i współczesność (ed. P. Cybula), Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Krakow, pp. 45-89.
  4. Alejziak W., (2015), Obrazowanie Metodologiczne Prac Naukowych - na przykładzie badań nad turystyką (profile metodologiczne prac doktorskich i habilitacyjnych) [The Methodological Imaging of Academic Works - Based on the Example of Tourism Research - Methodologcal Profiles of PhD and Post-PhD Projects)], Research Project No. 47/BS/ KPT/2014 (copied typescript).
  5. Alejziak W., Liszewski S. (2016), Rola czasopism naukowych w transferze wiedzy w turystyce [The Role of Academic Journals in Communicaing Knowledge in Tourism], "Folia Turistica", No. 41, pp. 81-135.
  6. Apanowicz J. (2002), Metodologia ogólna [Overview of Methodology], Wydawnictwo "Bernardinum", Gdynia, p. 14. Online: https://wsaib.pl/images/ files/E-Publikacje/MO.pdf.
  7. Bhattacharya S., Basu P. K. (1998), Mapping a research area at the micro level using co-word analysis, "Scientometrics", Vol. 43 (3), pp. 359-372.
  8. Bishop C. M., Svensen M., Williams C. K. I., (1998). GTM: Generative Topographic Mapping, "Neural Computation", Vol. 10 (1), pp. 215-234.
  9. Börner K. (2010), Atlas of science: Visualizing what we know, The MIT Press, Cambridge.
  10. Börner K. (2015), Atlas of knowledge: Anyone can map, The MIT Press, Cambridge.
  11. Börner K., Chen C. Boyack K. W. (2003), Visualizing Knowledge Domains, in: B. Cronin (ed.) "Annual Review of Information Science & Technology", Vol. 37, Medford, NJ: Information Today, Inc./American Society for Information Science and Technology, pp. 179-255. Online: https://www. academia.edu/5325084/Visualizing_knowledge_domains.
  12. Burkhard R. A., (2005), Knowledge Visualization: The Use of Complementary Visual Representations for the Transfer of Knowledge. A Model, a Framework, and Four New Approaches, A doctoral dissertation - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute for Media and Communication Management, Zurich. Online: https://www.alexandria.unisg. ch/20993/.
  13. Chen C. (2002), Mapping Scientific Frontiers, Springer-Verlag, London.
  14. Cisek S. (2008), Nauka 2.0: nowe narzędzia komunikacji naukowej [Science 2.0: New Science Communication Tools], Online: http://eprints.rclis. org/11212/.
  15. Cox L. (2015), Are Graphical Abstracts Changing the Way We Publish? Online: https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.ismte.org/resource/resmgr/EON_ Shared_Articles/Are_Graphical_Abstracts_Chan.pdf.
  16. Dann G., Nash D., Pearce P. (1988), Methodology in Tourism Research, "Annals of Tourism Research", Vol. 15 (1), pp. 1-28.
  17. Frankfurt-Nachmias. C., Nachmias D. (2001), Metody badawcze w naukach społecznych [Research Methods in the Social Sciences] (trans. E. Hornowska), Wydawnictwo Zysk i S-ka, Warsaw.
  18. Gray C., Malins J. (2016), Visualizing Research. A Guide to the Research Process in Art and Design, Abingdon, Oxon Taylor and Francis. Also available in a 2004 (electronic) version: https://www.upv.es/laboluz/master/ seminario/textos/Visualizing_Research.pdf.
  19. Grobler A. (2006), Metodologia nauk [The Methodology of Research], Wydawnictwo "AUREUS" and Wydawnictwo "Znak", Krakow.
  20. Gudanowska A. E. (2011), Mapy wiedzy jako narzędzie lokalizacji zasobów wiedzy w organizacji [Maps of Knowledge as Tools for Locating the Stores of Knowledge in an Organization], "Problemy eksploatacji", No. 3, pp. 19-31.
  21. Haber A. (ed.) (2007), Ewaluacja ex-post Teoria i praktyka badawcza [Ex- -post Evaluation and Scholarly Practice], Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości, Warsaw 2007.
  22. Hajduk Z. (2005), Ogólna metodologia nauk [General Academic Methodology], Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski, Lublin.
  23. Herbut J., Kawalec P., (eds.), (2009), Słownik terminów naukoznawczych. Teoretyczne podstawy naukoznawstwa [A Dictionary of Logological Terms: The Theoretical Bases of Logology], Wydawnictwo Lubelskiej Szkoły Biznesu, Lublin.
  24. Hunt C. A., Gao J., Xue L., (2014). "A visual analysis of trends in the titles and keywords of top-ranked tourism journals," Current Issues in Tourism, Vol. 17 (10), pp. 849-855. Online: http://sites.psu.edu/carterahunt/ wp-content/uploads/sites/13788/2013/02/Hunt-Gao-Xue_Visual-Analysis_ 2014.pdf.
  25. Kulczycki E. (ed.) (2017), Komunikacja naukowa w humanistyce [Academic Communication in the Humanities], Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Filozofii UAM, Poznań. Online: http://ekulczycki.pl/teoria_komunikacji/ komunikacja-naukowa-w-humanistyce/
  26. Kulczycki E. (2013), Otwarte czasopisma. Zakładanie czasopism naukowych oraz transformacja czasopism zamkniętych [Open Journals: Founding Academic Journals and Transforming Closed Journals], Stowarzyszenie EBiB, Toruń. Online: http://ekulczycki.pl/poradnik/.
  27. Kulczycki E., Drabek A., Rozkosz E. A. (2015), Publikacje a zgłoszenia ewaluacyjne, czyli zniekształcony obraz nauki w Polsce [Publications and Declaring Evaluations, or: A Warped Image of Academic in Poland], "Nauka", No. 3/2015, pp. 35-58. Online: https://repozytorium.amu.edu.pl/bitstream/ 10593/13832/1/Kulczycki_Drabek_Rozkosz.pdf
  28. Lopes I., Silva J. A., Castela G., Rebelo E. (2017), Knowledge Transfer Through Journals, in: N. Scott, M. De Martino, M. Van Niekerk (eds.) Knowledge Transfer to and within Tourism (Bridging Tourism Theory and Practice, Volume 8) Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 286 (271-288). Online: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/ pdfplus/10.1108/S2042-144320170000008018.
  29. Misztal M. (2014), Jeden obraz bywa wart więcej niż tysiąc słów, czyli o korzyściach z wizualizacji wyników liniowych metod ordynacyjnych [One Picture Can be Worth More Than a Thousand Words, or: On the Advantages of Visualizing Ordinative Line Methods], in: Zastosowania statystyki i data mining w badaniach naukowych i innowacyjnych [ed. J. Jakubowski, Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza, Krakow 2018]. Online: https://www.statsoft.pl/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/wizualizacja_wynikow_ liniowych_metod_ordynacyjnych.pdf.
  30. Pamuła J. (2004), Komputer i obrazowanie [The Computer and Imaging], "Zeszyty Naukowo-Artystyczne", No. 5, Wydział Malarstwa, Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Krakowie, pp. 15-26. Online: https://docplayer. pl/12121019-Zeszyty-naukowo-artystyczne.html.
  31. Price D. J. de Solla (1967), Mała Nauka - Wielka Nauka [Big Science - Small Science] (trans. P. Graff), Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw. Online: https://pl.scribd.com/document/99078620/Price-Derek- John-de-Solla-Ma a-Nauka-Wielka-Nauka-1967-zorg
  32. Pytkowski W. (1985), Organizacja badań i ocena prac naukowych [Organizing Research and Evaluating Academic Works], PWN, Warsaw.
  33. Sagan A. (2004) A., Jeden obraz ukazuje więcej niż 10 liczb, czyli jak budować mapy zadowolenia klienta z zastosowaniem programu Statistica [One Picture Is Worth More Than Ten Numbers, or: How to Build Maps of Customer Satisfaction using the Statistica Program], StatSoft. Online: http://media.statsoft.nazwa.pl/_old_dnn/downloads /04obraz.pdf.
  34. Stelmach J., Brożek B. (2004), Metody prawnicze. Logika. Analiza. Argumentacja. Hermeneutyka [Legal Methods: Logic, Analysis, Argumentation, Hermeneutics], Kantor Wydawniczy Zakamycze, Krakow.
  35. Szymański J.M. (1991), Życie systemów [The Life of Systems], Wiedza Powszechna, Warsaw.
  36. Teoria i filozofia prawa [The Theory and Philosophy of Law] (2010), (collective work: A. Dyrda, N. Ghazal, R. Nowak, O. Pogorzelski, A. Samonek), Wolters Kluwer, Warsaw.
  37. Tribe J. (1997), The Indiscipline of Tourism, "Annals of Tourism Research", Vol. 24 (3), pp. 638-657.
  38. Tribe J. (2006), The Truth about Tourism, "Annals of Tourism Research", Vol. 33 (2), pp. 360-381.
  39. Walczak M. (2015), Teoria paradygmatu i jej zastosowanie w naukach prawnych [Paradigm Theory and Its Application in Legal Studies], "Zeszyty Naukowe Towarzystwa Doktorantow UJ. Nauki Społeczne", No. 10 (1/2015), pp. 67-80.
  40. Wheeldon J., Ahlberg M. K., (2011), Visualizing Social Science Research: Maps, Methods, & Meaning, SAGE Publications.
  41. Winiarski R., (2003), Nauki o turystyce. Część I [Tourism Studies, Part I], Wydanie 2. Poprawione i uzupełnione, Studia i Monografie No. 7, AWF Krakow, 2003;
  42. Winiarski R., (2004), Nauki o turystyce. Część II [Tourism Studies, Part I], (ed. R. Winiarski), Studia i Monografie No. 7, AWF Krakow, 2004;
  43. Winiarski R., Alejziak W., (eds.), (2005), Turystyka w badaniach naukowych [Tourism in Scientific Research], AWF Kraków-WSIZ Rzeszów.
  44. Xiao H., Smith., S. (2006), The Making of Tourism Research: Insights from a Social Sciences Journal, "Annals of Tourism Research", Vol. 33 (2), pp. 490-507.
  45. https://www.elsevier.com/authors/journal-authors/graphical-abstract (15.02. 2019).
  46. http://ekulczycki.pl/teoria_komunikacji/dzieci-sieci-i-krytyka-na-blogach- naukowych/
  47. http://ekulczycki.pl/warsztat_badacza/zbyt-szczerze-o-swojej-metodologii/].
  48. https://pl.scribd.com/document/99078620/Price-Derek-John-de-Solla- Ma a-Nauka-Wielka-Nauka-1967-zorg
Cited by
Show
ISSN
0867-3888
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0013.4497
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu