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Author
Čámská Dagmar (Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic), Klečka Jiří (Czech University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Prague, Czech Republic)
Title
Cost Development in Logistics Due to Industry 4.0
Rozwój kosztów w logistyce jako pochodna industry 4.0
Source
LogForum, 2020, vol. 16, nr 2, s. 219-227, tab., wykr., bibliogr. 24 poz.
Keyword
Koszty logistyki, Struktura kosztów, Przemysł 4.0
Logistics costs, Cost structure, Industry 4.0
Note
summ., streszcz.
Country
Republika Czeska
Czech Republic
Abstract
Wstęp: W pracy poruszane jest zagadnienie rozwoju kosztów oraz ich struktury w przedsiębiorstwach logistycznych. Wdrożenie Industry 4.0 pociąga za sobą istotne zmiany w technologiach, biznesie oraz środowisku dla wszystkich rodzajów firm, w tym również logistycznych. Niektóre obszary logistyki jak magazynowanie powinny być nawet pionierami we wdrażaniu Industry 4.0. Ma to bezpośredni wpływ na zmienne ekonomiczne i ich ogólną kondycję. Wyzwania, jakie stawia Industry 4.0 dotyczą nie tylko firm ale również dla rządu. Niezbędne jest monitorowanie środowiska oraz opis zachodzących zmian. Metody: Dane do analizy pochodzą z publikowanych zeznań finansowych korporacji. Sama analiza opiera się na analizie porównawczej tych sprawozdań, opisujących strukturę kosztów oraz rozwój kosztów na poziomie indywidualnych przedsiębiorstw działających w branży logistycznej. Szczególnej analizie poddano wskaźniki analitycznej wybranych pozycji kosztowych, jak również dokonano analizy całości kosztów i zyskowności. Wyniki: Uzyskana struktura kosztów została podsumowana i oszacowana statystyką opisową. Wnioski: Uzyskane wyniki wskazują czy i jak istotne są zmiany w poziomie i strukturze kosztów oraz zyskowności przedsiębiorstw logistycznych. Nadchodzący Industry 4.0 będzie miał poważny wpływ na biznes, zarówno na poziomie rządu jak i poszczególnych przedsiębiorstw. W pracy udowodniono, że inicjację Industry 4.0 można już zauważyć w wynikach firm. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Background: This paper is focused on the development of costs and their structure in logistics companies. Industry 4.0 should trigger significant changes in technologies, business or society where logistics as an area of entrepreneur activity is no exception. Some areas of logistics as storage and warehousing should be even pioneers. It is supposed that human labor has been/will be substituted by other production factors. This substitution should influence economic variables of companies and their overall performance. Challenges of Industry 4.0 will not only be exposed to companies but also to government. It is necessary to monitor the environment and describe changes. Methods: Using published corporate financial statements the analysis is based on ratio analysis which describes cost structure and time series which show cost development on the level of individual companies operating in logistics. There are analyzed especially analytical indicators of selected cost items in terms of ratios, indicators of total costs and profitability. Results: The computed cost structure and development were summarized and evaluated by descriptive statistics. Conclusions: The obtained results show if and how significant there have been any changes in the level and structure of costs and profitability of logistics companies. Coming Industry 4.0 will have serious impact on business, government and individuals. This paper proves if the initiative Industry 4.0 can be already visible on the corporate data and results. (original abstract)
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Bibliography
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ISSN
1895-2038
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.17270/J.LOG.2020.415
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