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Buszko Andrzej (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland)
Labour Market Flexibility in the Context of the Shadow Economy for the Construction Industry
Elastyczność rynku pracy w kontekście szarej strefy
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Oeconomia, 2020, R. 19, nr 4, s. 23-32, rys., tab., bibliogr. 37 poz.
Szara strefa, Elastyczność rynku pracy, Kształtowanie cen odsprzedaży, Równowaga
Grey economy, Labour market flexibility, Resale Price Maintenance (RPM), Balance
JEL Classification: O17, H26, C39, K42, J22
streszcz., summ.
Artykuł poświęcono elastyczności rynkowej w kontekście szarej strefy. Główny problem badawczy dotyczy elastyczności budowlanego rynku pracy w odniesieniu do poziomu szarej strefy. W badaniach przyjęto następującą hipotezę: Elastyczność budowalnego rynku pracy spada, kiedy wzrasta poziom szarej strefy. W badaniach wykorzystano narzędzie MIMIC do ustalenia poziomu szarej strefy w wybranych krajach. Podzielono je na trzy kategorie. W pierwszej grupie ujęto te, w których poziom szarej strefy był niższy od 15% PKB, w drugiej te, w których poziom szarej strefy waha się od 15 do 25% PKB, a w trzeciej te, w których szara strefa jest na poziomie wyższym od 25% PKB. Posłużono się także współczynnikiem korelacji Pearsona w celu ustalenia związku między elastycznością rynku pracy a poziomem szarej strefy. Elastyczność rynku pracy została zmierzona zmianą poziomu bezrobocia wynikającą ze wzrostu produkcji budowlano-montażowej w analizowanych krajach. Na podstawie przeprowadzonego badania stwierdzono silną korelację ujemną (0,866) między szarą strefą a elastycznością budowalnego rynku pracy. To oznacza sytuację, w której elastyczność budowlanego rynku pracy maleje wraz ze wzrostem poziomu szarej strefy. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The article analyses labour market flexibility in the context of the shadow economy. The main research problem is devoted to the flexibility of the construction labour market in relation to the level of labourers who work in a country's shadow economy. The following hypothesis was adopted: Flexibility of the labour market for the construction industry decreases with an increase in the level of the shadow economy. The MIMIC approach was used to calculate the level of the shadow economy in a group of selected countries, divided into three categories. The first category includes countries with a relatively low level of shadow economy (less than 15% of their GDP). The second group contains a level starting from 15 to 25% of their GDP, while the third group has a shadow economy that exceeds 25% of GDP. The Pearson correlation index was applied in order to measure the coefficient level between market flexibility and the size of the shadow economy. The flexibility of the labour market was calculated as the change of unemployment caused by the change of construction industry output. The research proved that the correlation between market flexibility and the shadow economy is significant. This is due to the fact that the Pearson index reached the level of 0.866, which means that whenever the shadow economy increases, the labour market flexibility of the construction industry decreases. (original abstract)
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
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