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Paszko Julita (University of Bialystok)
Intellectual Capital of European Union Countries (EU-28) : Measurement Concept
Optimum : Economic Studies, 2020, nr 3(101), s. 107-122, wykr., tab., bibliogr. s. 120-122
Kapitał ludzki, Kapitał społeczny, Kapitał intelektualny, Kapitał strukturalny, Metoda TOPSIS
Human capital, Social capital, Intellectual capital, Structural capital, Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)
JEL Classification: C38, O15, O34, O52
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Purpose - The aim of the present research paper is to enrich the achievements of science through a description of a theoretical-methodological approach to measuring the national intellectual capital (NIC) along with its application in the evaluation of the European Union countries (2015). Research method - The synthetic indicator, describing the intellectual capital of the EU countries was quantified by using the TOPSIS method. The year 2015 is the study period. Results - The estimation results confirm the diversity of the intellectual capital level in the 28 countries of the EU. The highest index value applies to Sweden. Romania takes the last - 28th place and belongs to the fourth typological group with a very low potential of intellectual capital. Originality / value / implications / recommendations - The new perspective on defining and taxonomy of intellectual capital (including ecological capital) is a kind of novum in this area. As a result, the elaborated ranking of the EU countries provides a new, wider perspective on the intellectual capital issues. (original abstract)
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
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