BazEkon - The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics

BazEkon home page

Main menu

Simionescu Mihaela (Institute for Economic Forecasting of the Romanian Academy, Centre for Migration Studies in Prague Business School, Global Labor Organization (GLO))
The Status of Immigrants on Italian Labour Market in the Context of Economic Decline: Evidence from Survey, Macroeconomic and Big Data
Economics, Management and Sustainability, 2021, vol. 6, nr 1, s. 34-48, tab., bibliogr. 57 poz.
Kryzys gospodarczy, Imigracja, Rynek pracy, Big Data
Economic crisis, Immigration, Labour market, Big Data
JEL Classification: B23, J61, J64, J81
This research is part of the research plan of the Institute for Economic Forecasting of the Romanian Academy for 2021 with the title: The status of the Romanian migrants on the labour market of other EU countries.
Considering the impact of economic crisis on Italian labour market, the aim of this paper is to analyse the status of immigrants from Italy in the labour field using more sources of data: survey data from the research "Case study of Labour Force Survey", macroeconomic data from official statistics of Eurostat and big data associated to Internet queries on Google. Survey analysis for the 20 regions in Italy confirmed the foreign women advantage of finding a job better than foreign men. The decline in the GDP at regional level affected the immigrants, but their searches for jobs on the Internet were significant in explaining the status of immigrants on labour market. The data at national level used in estimating Bayesian generalized ridge regression suggested that the number of unemployed immigrants from Italy since 2008 is explained by changes in risk of poverty or social exclusion, exports of goods and services, housing cost overburden rate, inflation and tax rate on low wage earners and adult participation in learning. (original abstract)
Full text
  1. Ambrosini, M. (2013). Immigration in Italy: Between economic acceptance and political rejection. Journal of international migration and integration, 14(1), 175-194.
  2. Albu, L. L., Iorgulescu, R., & Stanica, C. (2010). Estimating hidden economy and hidden migration: The case of Romania. Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting, 2(13), 46-56.
  3. Arango, J., Bonifazi, C., Finotelli, C., Peixoto, J., Sabino, C., Strozza, S., & Triandafyllidou, A. (2009). The making of an immigration model: Inflows, impacts and policies in Southern Europe. IDEA working papers, 9.
  4. Askitas, N., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2009). Google econometrics and unemployment forecasting (No. 4201). IZA Discussion Papers.
  5. Awad, I. (2009). The global economic crisis and migrant workers: Impact and response (No. 433612). International Labour Organization.
  6. Barnichon, R. (2010). Productivity and unemployment over the business cycle. Journal of Monetary Economics, 57(8), 1013-1025.
  7. Bartolucci, F., Choudhry, M. T., Marelli, E., & Signorelli, M. (2018). GDP dynamics and unemployment changes in developed and developing countries. Applied Economics, 50(31), 3338-3356.
  8. Bonifazi, C., & Paparusso, A. (2019). Remain or return home: The migration intentions of first-generation migrants in Italy. Population, Space and Place, 25(2), e2174.
  9. Carlo, D. A., Lucifora, C., & Pagani, L. (2012). A" Glass-Ceiling" Effect for Immigrants in the Italian Labour Market? (No. 6555). Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Carvalho, J. (2013). Impact of extreme right parties on immigration policy: Comparing Britain, France and Italy (Vol. 20). Routledge.
  11. Cohen, E. (2017). Effect of welfare and employment policies on the correlation between migration and unemployment. Economics & Sociology, 10(1), 246.
  12. D'Amuri, F., & Marcucci, J. (2010). "Google it!" Forecasting the US Unemployment Rate with a Google Job Search index (No. 2010.31). Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  13. de Ruggiero, A. (2018). A saudade dos sabores e o comércio étnico dos imigrantes italianos no Brasil (1875-1914). Revista Prâksis, 1, 121-138.
  14. Del Boca, D., & Venturini, A. (2016). Migration in Italy is backing the old age welfare. In Labor Migration, EU Enlargement, and the Great Recession (pp. 59-83). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  15. Doğan, T. T. (2012). Macroeconomic variables and unemployment: the case of Turkey. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 2(1), 71-78.
  16. Falorsi, S., Fasulo, A., Naccarato, A., & Pratesi, M. (2017). Small area model for Italian regional monthly estimates of young unemployed using Google trends data. In Presented at the 61st World Statistics Congress ISI2017, 16-21 July 2017, Marrakech, Morocco.
  17. Fellini, I. (2018). Immigrants' labour market outcomes in Italy and Spain: Has the Southern European model disrupted during the crisis?. Migration Studies, 6(1), 53-78.
  18. Fleischmann, F., & Dronkers, J. (2010). Unemployment among immigrants in European labour markets: an analysis of origin and destination effects. Work, employment and society, 24(2), 337-354.
  19. Francesco, D. A. (2009). Predicting unemployment in short samples with internet job search query data.
  20. Friedman, M. (1977). Nobel lecture: inflation and unemployment. Journal of political economy, 85(3), 451-472.
  21. Gavosto, A., Venturini, A., & Villosio, C. (1999). Do immigrants compete with natives?. Labour, 13(3), 603-621.
  22. Hatton, T. J., & Williamson, J. G. (2009). Emigration in the long run: evidence from two global centuries. Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 23(2), 17-28.
  23. Heath, A., & Yu, S. (2005). Explaining ethnic minority disadvantage. Understanding social change, 187-224.
  24. Hinks, T., & Davies, S. (2015). Intentions to return: evidence from Romanian migrants. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (7166).
  25. Hollifield, J., Martin, P., & Orrenius, P. (2014). Controlling immigration: A global perspective. Stanford Univer.
  26. Kahanec, M., Zaiceva, A., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2009). Lessons from migration after EU enlargement. In EU labor markets after post-enlargement migration (pp. 3-45). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  27. Karabatsos, G. (2014). Fast marginal likelihood estimation of the Ridge parameter (s) in Ridge regression and generalized ridge regression for Big Data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.2437.
  28. Knipprath, H., & De Rick, K. (2014). The economic benefits of adult learning to low-qualified young adults: Do participation and qualification decrease the risk of unemployment?. Vocations and Learning, 7(1), 101-120.
  29. Koskela, E., & Schöb, R. (2002). Why governments should tax mobile capital in the presence of unemployment. Contributions in Economic Analysis & Policy, 1(1).
  30. Koskela, E., & Schöb, R. (2007). Tax progression under collective wage bargaining and individual effort determination (No. 2024). CESifo Working Paper.
  31. Mara, I. (2012). Surveying Romanian migrants in Italy before and after the EU Accession: migration plans, labour market features and social inclusion (No. 378). wiiw Research Report.
  32. Minneci, F. (2015). If there were a 'Highly Skilled Red Octopus'? The Case of Italian Highly Skilled Mobility at Times of Crisis. Economics and Sociology, 8(3), 170-182.
  33. Naccarato, A., Falorsi, S., Loriga, S., & Pierini, A. (2018). Combining official and Google Trends data to forecast the Italian youth unemployment rate. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 130, 114-122.
  34. Otobe, N. (2017). Gender dimensions of employment trends and future of work where would women work next? (No. 994971393102676). International Labour Organization.
  35. Papademetriou, D. G., Sumption, M., Terrazas, A., Burkert, C., Loyal, S., & Ferrero-Turrión, R. (2010). Migration and immigrants two years after the financial collapse: Where do we stand. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  36. Piazza, G., & Myant, M. (2016). Italy's labour market reforms of 2012: Did they reduce unemployment?.
  37. Pont, B. (2004). Improving access to and participation in adult learning in OECD countries. European journal of education, 39(1), 31-45.
  38. Reyneri, E. (2006). De la economía sumergida a la devaluación profesional: nivel educativo e inserción en el mercado de trabajo de los inmigrantes en Italia. Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS), 116(1), 213-237.
  39. Reyneri, E., & Fullin, G. (2011). Labour market penalties of new immigrants in new and old receiving West European countries. International Migration, 49(1), 31-57.
  40. Rugiero, S., Travaglini, G., & Federici, A. (2018). The construction industry in Italy: crisis and opportunities over the last decade. Argomenti, 10(10), 1-33.
  41. Saunders, P., Wong, M., & Bradbury, B. (2016). Poverty in Australia since the financial crisis: the role of housing costs, income growth and unemployment. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 24(2), 97-112.
  42. Schmiz, A. (2013). Migrant self-employment between precariousness and self-exploitation. Ephemera: Theory & Politics in Organization, 13(1).
  43. Schreiner, J. (2008). Labor Markets in Central, Eastern and Southeastern European EU Member States: General trends and Migration effects. Focus on European economic integration, 1(08).
  44. Simionescu, M. (2014). Testing the Existence and Stability of Phillips Curve in Romania. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 10(1), 67.
  45. Simionescu, M. (2017). Macroeconomic determinants of migration from Romania to Italy. Computational Methods in Social Sciences, 5(1), 5-10.
  46. Simionescu, M., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2017). Big Data and Unemployment Analysis (No. 81). Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  47. Stan, R. (2005). Patterns and Socio-Economic consequences of International labour migration on Catholic and Orthodox villages from Eastern Romania (Neamt county). A Tarkaság Dicsérete. Az Erasmus Kollégium Diákjainak Tanulmányai. Budapest: Erasmus Kollégium Alapítvány, 379-393.
  48. Subramaniam, T. (2008). The dynamic interactions among foreign direct investment, unemployment, economic growth and exports: Evidence from Malaysia. JATI-JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, 13, 35-48.
  49. Tilly, C. (2011). The impact of the economic crisis on international migration: a review. Work, employment and society, 25(4), 675-692.
  50. Trenz, H. J., & Triandafyllidou, A. (2017). Complex and dynamic integration processes in Europe: intra EU mobility and international migration in times of recession. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(4), 546-559.
  51. Uccellini, C. M. (2010). Outsiders after accession: The case of Romanian migrants in Italy, 1989-2009. Political perspectives, 4(2), 70-85.
  52. Venturini, A., & Villosio, C. (2006). Labour market effects of immigration into Italy: An empirical analysis 1. International Labour Review, 145(1-2), 91-118.
  53. Venturini, A., & Villosio, C. (2008). Labour-market assimilation of foreign workers in Italy. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 24(3), 517-541.
  54. Venturini, A., & Villosio, C. (2018). Are migrants an asset in recession? Insights from Italy. Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 44(14), 2340-2357.
  55. Vlase, I. (2013). 'My husband is a patriot!': gender and Romanian family return migration from Italy. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(5), 741-758.
  56. Zaiceva, A., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2016). Returning home at times of trouble? Return migration of EU enlargement migrants during the crisis. In Labor Migration, EU Enlargement, and the Great Recession (pp. 397-418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  57. Zanfrini, L. (2015). The diversity value. How to reinvent the European approach to immigration.
Cited by
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu