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Almigheerbi Tareq Salahi (Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland)
Practices of the Circular Economy in Community Source Projects: A Preliminary Study
Praktyki w zakresie gospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym w projektach Community Source: badanie wstępne
Informatyka Ekonomiczna / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu, 2020, nr 4 (58), s. 9-20, rys., tab., bibliogr. 27 poz.
Business Informatics / Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu
Gospodarka zamkniętego obiegu, Systemy informatyczne, Systemy ERP
Circular economy, Computer system, ERP system
JEL Classification: L20, M15, O330
streszcz., summ.
Community Source to nowoczesny temat, który przynosi korzyści biznesowi, społeczeństwu i środowisku. Do tej pory stosowanie CE było ograniczone do pewnych obszarów, które nie obejmują dziedziny rozwoju systemów informatycznych. Z tego punktu widzenia model Community Source można uznać za obszar do badania praktyk CE w rozwoju systemów informatycznych. CE to nowy model w rozwoju oprogramowania, który jest pośrednikiem między dwoma dobrze znanymi modelami (systemy zamknięte i otwarte). Potencjalnym obszarem zainteresowań naukowych są praktyki CE występujące w projektach wykorzystujących model Community Source. Uruchomiono projekt kompleksowej analizy tego zjawiska. W artykule przedstawiono wyniki wstępnych badań, których celem było zbadanie praktyk CE w projektach Community Source. Podczas prac terenowych przebadano projekty wykorzystujące model CE w krajach UE. Wstępne badanie wykazało, że praktyki, takie jak recykling i dzielenie się zasobami, prawdopodobnie można znaleźć w tych projektach. Pojawił się nowy rodzaj materiału - "miękki materiał", wraz z popularnymi typami materiałów wcześniej zidentyfikowanymi w CE, a mianowicie "biologicznymi" i "technicznymi". W artykule omówiono również wstępnie strategię Circular Community w zakresie postępowania z e-odpadami. (abstrakt oryginalny)

Nowadays, the 'Circular Economy' (CE) is a modern topic that benefits business, society, and the environment. So far, the application of the CE has been restricted to certain areas that do not include the field of Information System development. From this point of view, the 'community source' model can be considered as an area to investigate the practices of the CE in Information System development. The community source model is a new model in software development that is intermediate between two well-known models (closed and open source systems). The practices of the CE found in projects that follow the community source model is then a potential area of scientific interest. A project was launched to comprehensively analyse this phenomenon. This paper presents the results of the preliminary study to initially explore the CE practices in community source projects. During the fieldwork, community source projects in EU countries were surveyed. The preliminary study concluded that practices such as recycling and resource-sharing are those that can arguably be found in these projects. As a term, a new kind of material has emerged, 'soft material' along with the typical kinds of material previously identified in the CE, namely biological and technical materials. The paper also briefly discusses the strategy of circular community in dealing with e-waste management.(original abstract)
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