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Hoza Beata (Bielsko-Biala School of Finance and Law), Żabka Adam (WSB University, Dąbrowa Górnicza)
Determinants of the Vat Gap - Part 1
Zeszyty Naukowe. Organizacja i Zarządzanie / Politechnika Śląska, 2021, z. 153, s. 155-164, bibliogr. 15 poz.
Issue title
Contemporary Management
Podatek od wartości dodanej (VAT), Luka podatkowa, Oszustwa podatkowe
Value Added Tax (VAT), Tax gap, Tax fraud
The purpose of the paper is to identify the determinants of the gap in Value Added Tax and to assess the measures already taken in order to seal this gap. Design/methodology/approach: The authors used statistical data derived from CASE reports prepared for the European Commission and numerical data contained in the Supreme Audit Office's (NIK) reports on audits carried out by tax administration authorities. Findings: A thorough understanding of the VAT gap mechanism will facilitate implementation of appropriate measures to limit the scale of occurrence of tax offences. Systematic data collection, reliable research and interinstitutional cooperation in the field of tax fraud can significantly reduce this phenomenon. Determinants of the VAT gap do not only embrace tax fraud and tax evasion, although these two factors are the most important and are sometimes even identified with the concept of VAT gap. The size of the gap is also affected by other factors such as methodological errors, cyclical factors, grey area, problems with financial liquidity and bankruptcy of taxpayers. Research limitations/implications: The study is divided into two parts - the first one contains the definition and interpretation of the tax gap phenomenon and shows some tax frauds which are frequently cited as the main factor contributing to VAT gap. The second part contains a presentation of the remaining determinants of the gap such as methodological errors, cyclical factors, the grey area, problems with cash flow and bankruptcy of taxpayers. Practical implications: The aforementioned considerations were conducted to find the answer to the following questions: to what extent the state can limit the size of the tax gap and whether the factors shaping the size of the gap result only from the structure of this tax. Social implications: Identification of tax gap determinants can help design a set of effective tools which will reduce the size of this phenomenon. Originality/value: The article is addressed to all tax services responsible for the architecture of tax system and services responsible for tax collection.(original abstract)
Full text
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