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Author
Buttler Dominik (Poznan University of Economics and Business)
Title
Similar but Different : Inter-Branch Diversification of Volunteer Motivations
Podobni, ale inni : międzybranżowe zróżnicowanie motywacji wolontariuszy
Source
Zarządzanie Zasobami Ludzkimi, 2021, nr 3 (140), s. 99-116, tab., bibliogr. 44 poz.
Human Resource Management
Keyword
Wolontariat, Motywacje
Volunteering, Motivation
Note
JEL Classification:L30, L31, L39
summ., streszcz., The study presented in the article was financially supported through Narodowe Centrum Nauki [National Science Center] grant 2013/11/D/HS4/03874.
Abstract
Celem analizy przedstawionej w artykule jest ustalenie, czy wolontariusze pracujący w tej samej branży sektora non-profit (np. w sferze kultury, ratownictwie, działalności dobroczynnej) wykazują podobieństwo pod względem profilu motywacyjnego. Teoretycznie zjawisko to można uzasadnić, odwołując się do trzech procesów: funkcjonalnego dopasowania, dopasowania do sposobności i zrównania motywacji. Dane wykorzystywane w części empirycznej analizy pochodzą z oryginalnego badania przeprowadzonego na próbie wolontariuszy działających w Polsce1. Ich motywacje zdefiniowano zgodnie z podejściem funkcjonalnym, wyróżniającym sześć podstawowych potrzeb, które wolontariat zaspokaja, takich jak: wyrażanie wartości, społeczna, kariera, wzmocnienie, zrozumienie, ochronna (Clary, Snyder, Stukas, 1996). Wykorzystując metody statystycznego grupowania i analizy regresji, porównano profile motywacyjne wolontariuszy działających w siedmiu branżach sektora non-profit. Wyniki sugerują, że najbardziej charakterystyczne grupy pod względem motywacji stanowili wolontariusze działający w obszarach turystyki i kultury fizycznej oraz w ratownictwie. Bardzo specyficzną grupę w aspekcie motywacji tworzyli również społecznicy pracujący dla Wielkiej Orkiestry Świątecznej Pomocy (WOŚP) - ze względu na dużą liczbę współpracujących wolontariuszy potraktowano WOŚP jako oddzielną branżę. Przeprowadzone w artykule analizy sugerują, że za między- branżowym zróżnicowaniem motywacji (przynajmniej w odniesieniu do funkcji społecznej) mogą stać zjawiska dopasowania do sposobności lub zrównania motywacji. Zaobserwowane międzybranżowe zróżnicowanie motywacji społeczników jest cenną informacją z punktu widzenia procesów rekrutacji, selekcji czy retencji wolontariuszy. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The article aims to verify whether volunteers working in the same branch of the nonprofit sector (e.g., culture, emergency services, and charity) share any similarities with respect to their motivation profiles. Moreover, the study tries to identify the mechanisms responsible for such inter-branch "motivation sorting." In particular, three mechanisms are considered: functional matching, motivations to affordances matching, and motivation alignment. The data used in the analysis come from an original survey* conducted among volunteers in Poland with the use of the Volunteer Functions Inventory (Clary, Snyder & Stukas, 1996). This questionnaire allows the identifying of six types of volunteer motivations: career, social, protective, under- standing, enhancement, and values. The motivation profile of volunteers working in seven branches of the nonprofit sector is compared. The results indicate that the most distinctive group with respect to the motivation profile was made up of volunteers working in tourism and sports as well as emergency service volunteers. It was in the latter group that some traces of the motivation alignment and/or motivation to affordances matching were identified. The identification of some homogeneity of motivations within particular branches of the nonprofit sector is a valuable finding from the point of view of volunteer recruitment and retention. (original abstract)
Accessibility
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The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
Bibliography
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Cited by
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ISSN
1641-0874
2543-4411
Language
eng
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0015.0601
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