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Taher Morad (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), Mourabit Touafik (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), Bourjila Abdelhak (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), Saadi Omar (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), Errahmouni Ali (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), El Marzkioui Fouad (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco), El Mousaoui Mhamed (Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco)
An Estimation of Soil Erosion Rate Hot Spots by Integrated USLE and GIS Methods: a Case Study of the Ghiss Dam and Basin in Northeastern Morocco
Geomatics and Environmental Engineering, 2022, nr 16/2, s. 95-110, fot., rys., tab., bibliogr. 40 poz.
Degradacja ziemi, Gleboznawstwo, Rolnictwo, System Informacji Przestrzennej, Zalesianie gruntów rolnych
Soil degradation, Soil science, Agriculture, Geographic Information System (GIS), Afforestation of agricultural land
Soil erosion is a major factor leading to dams' siltation and reducing their storage capacity. This study mapped the hot spots of soil erosion areas to predict the soil erosion/siltation in the Ghiss basin/dam (northeastern Morocco). In this context, various data has been prepared in the geographical information system for the estimation of soil erosion by integrating the universal soil loss equation (USLE). The result of this study revealed that soil loss rate ranges between 0 and 19 t∙ha-1∙yr-1. Therefore, the hot spots in the soil erosion area are to be found upstream, potentially leading to dam siltation over time. To avoid Ghiss dam siltation, we suggest terrace farming and reforestation in the soil erosion area hot spots. (original abstract)
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