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Motowidlak Urszula (University of Lodz, Poland)
Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Synchromodal Logistics on the Development of Sustainable Transport Corridors From the Perspective of Reconfiguring European-Asian Supply Chains
LogForum, 2022, vol. 18, nr 3, s. 335-343, rys., tab., wykr., bibliogr. 22 poz.
Logistyka międzynarodowa, Łańcuch dostaw, Korytarz transportowy, Emisja zanieczyszczeń, Analiza wielowymiarowa
International logistics, Supply chain, Transport coridor, Pollution emission, Multi-dimensional analysis
Europa, Azja
Europe, Asia
Background: The paper concerns the concept of synchromodal logistics. It has great economic and environmental potential in terms of optimizing cargo transportation using various modes and modes of transport. In the face of unexpected disruptions in the global economic system due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the shift paradigm may result in a thorough verification of numerous solutions in the operational activities of transport, shipping, and logistics companies. The aim of the article is to evaluate the key indicators that influence the efficiency of synchromodality in logistics. Its implementation would allow the development of sustainable transport corridors from the perspective of the European-Asian supply chains reconfiguration. Methods: The paper uses questionnaire research and interviews conducted among experts, as well as selected methods of artificial intelligence, to determine the weights of the essential indicators that influence the effectiveness of synchromodality in logistics. Moreover, descriptive methods were used as supporting methods. Results: Basic indicators influencing the effectiveness of the synchromodal system were determined, which may favor the operationalization of the concept implementation process. These indicators can be one of the tools to assess the prospects for the development of synchromodal logistics. Conclusions: The implementation of the synchromodal logistics concept offers opportunities to strengthen cooperation in Euro-Asian supply chains to promote the development of sustainable transport corridors in the field of the trans-European transport network. The synchronization of the multibranch network of transport connections, preceded by the flow of information and preferences of the supply chain participants, allows the selection of the most advantageous transport connection proposals in real time, taking into account the criterion of their availability. The main expectations concerning the development of synchromodality relate to the improvement of the level of transport and logistics services, modal shifts, use of the capacity of transport nodes, and reduction of CO2 emissions. (original abstract)
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