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Karski Kamil (Lech-Mal)
Selected Applications of Artificial Intelligence in the Factors of Production
Zeszyty Naukowe. Organizacja i Zarządzanie / Politechnika Śląska, 2022, z. 163, s. 199-212, bibliogr. 31 poz.
Sztuczna inteligencja, Przemysł 4.0, Uczenie maszynowe, Czynniki produkcji
Artificial intelligence, Industry 4.0, Machine learning, Production factors
Purpose: The article presents the emergence and development of Artificial Intelligence as one of the key technologies of Economy 4.0. Selected applications of AI in the context of classical production factors are also presented. Design/methodology/approach: The article contains theoretical considerations and practical applications of general artificial intelligence. Literature analysis made it possible to distinguish key technologies in the fourth industrial revolution. From among many of them, the author chose the one that, in his opinion, has the greatest potential for development. The main goal of this paper was to determine the influence of Artificial Intelligence on production factors. Findings/Conclusions: The summary of this article is an indication of the key applications of Artificial Intelligence along with its practical examples based on the analysis of literature and internet sources. The author also pointed to the process of transforming classical production factors into a new paradigm, taking into account the achievements of the fourth industrial revolution, i.e. machine labor and data. Artificial Intelligence in the case of labor is the most controversial because people fear being replaced by machines. As the analysis of literature and historical data has shown, the fear is unjustified, because with the arrival of new technologies, new jobs are being created. Research limitations/implications: Artificial Intelligence is a tool that is neither good nor bad. Its purpose depends entirely on the person using it. So far, no legal or scientific restrictions have been defined that would allow for the safe use of such advanced technology. The article is an introduction to the discussion on limiting access to such technology and its potential and undesirable threats. Practical implications: One of the applications of Artificial Intelligence is to support company management in the form of creating a tool for analyzing financial data of private limited companies and employing AI as a virtual director, which would serve as a real-time data center and make fairer staff assessment. Social implications: Artificial Intelligence is one of those technologies that surrounds society at every turn. It is used to improve everyday life, e.g. road navigation or presenting suggested shopping offers. In order to fully use the potential of AI, it is necessary to change the education system, taking into account not only hard and soft, but also digital competences. That in the future will be a significant asset for people entering the labor market. Originality/value: The transformation of the classical understanding of production factors into a new paradigm, taking into account the achievements of the fourth industrial revolution, is a new field of scientific research, which is important in the context of the transformation of enterprises to the requirements of the modern market. The paper is an introduction to the discussion about the direction and impact of these changes on societies and the economy.(original abstract)
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