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Author
Matykowski Roman (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu), Kulczyńska Katarzyna (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu)
Title
Kobiety w drodze do Sejmu w latach 2007-2019: analiza z perspektywy geograficzno-elektoralnej
Women on the Road to the Sejm (Polish Parliament) in 2007-2019: A Geographical and Electoral Perspective
Source
Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna / Instytut Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2023, nr 65, s. 109-129, ryc., tab., bibliogr. 16 poz.
Keyword
Pozycja kobiety w społeczeństwie, Parlament, Prawo wyborcze, Wybory parlamentarne
Women's position in society, Parliament, Election law, Parliamentary election
Note
streszcz., summ.
Abstract
Polska tuż po odrodzeniu państwowości w 1918 r. przyznała powszechne prawo wyborcze kobietom. Celem opracowania jest przedstawienie aktywności politycznej kobiet w zakresie ich partycypacji w wyborach do Sejmu w latach 2007-2019, a więc niemal po wieku funkcjonowania ich praw. Z perspektywy geograficzno-elektoralnej istotnym zagadnieniem jest charakterystyka zmienności przestrzennej wybranych aspek-tów aktywności wyborczej kobiet i określenie mechanizmów wpływających na zmienność tych działań.(abstrakt oryginalny)

The exclusion of women from civil and political rights in the first half of the 20th centu-ry, albeit partial, also concerned countries with developed democracies, such as France, the United States, Belgium and Switzerland. Right after the revival of its statehood in 1918, Poland - just as some other newly developed countries in Europe - granted women universal suffrage. The study aims to show the political activity of women in terms of their participation in the Sejm (Polish parliament) elections between 2007 and 2019, which is nearly a century after establishing their civil rights. From the geographical and electoral point of view, it is important to characterise a spatial variability of selected aspects of women's electoral activity (four indicators) and determine mechanisms affecting changes in this field. Given the most popular indicator for women's electoral activity, i.e., the percentage of seats they won in the Sejm, one may recognise that the political participation of women in this area in the years 2007-2019 was progressive. However, when analysing other indicators presented in this work, it may be stated that changes in women's electoral activity are more complex. After introducing the quota rule, it became obvious that the number of female candidates on electoral lists increased from 23.0% in 2007 to as much as 43.6% in 2011, but it dropped, admittedly slightly, in the subsequent elections. On the other hand, the proportion of the votes gained by women peaked in 2015, reaching 32.4%, and in the next elections in 2019, it decreased a little to 31.6%. The electoral possibilities of women are also evidenced by an indicator of their relative efficacy. Countrywide, this indicator did not exceed the value of one in any of the analysed elections, which means that men are more effective in obtaining votes. In terms of spatial variability, women's electoral activity in the discussed range of topics does not exhibit durability by constituencies. Only a few of the voting districts have lasting above-average electoral properties (although these also fluctuated up and down sometimes) at national level. Thus, it seems that spatial variability was formed by short-term electoral strategies of political parties (the movement of candidates from one constituency to another, ignoring the territorial origins of the cadidates, promotion of more popular parliament members to the European Parliament) rather than by socio-cultural and economic factors typical of those constituencies.(original abstract)
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Bibliography
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ISSN
2353-1428
Language
pol
URI / DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.14746/rrpr.2023.65.08
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