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Walaszczyk Ludmiła (Sieć Badawcza Łukasiewicz - Instytut Technologii Eksploatacji, Radom, Polska)
Competences and Skills of SMEs for Industry 4.0 - Case Studies of Selected European Initiatives
Optimum : Economic Studies, 2022, nr 4 (110), s. 119-132, tab., bibliogr. s. 131-132
Kompetencje, Przemysł 4.0, Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa
Competences, Industry 4.0, Small business
JEL Classification: O33, O35, O39
Purpose - SMEs tend to have an intuitive approach when it comes to management, which means that, contrary to bigger companies, they frequently lack sufficient competences and expertise needed to implement the Industry 4.0 concept. The article identifies and analyses case studies of selected state-funded European initiatives (from Poland, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, the United Kingdom, and Finland), which help SMEs prepare for the implementation of Industry 4.0 through the acquisition of adequate competences and skills. Research method - With the use of the case study method, the author has performed the analysis of selected national public initiatives focused on the development of competences and skills of enterprises needed to implement the Industry 4.0 concept. The initiatives were deeply analysed during the implementation of the Interreg Europe SMARTY project (Smart SMEs for Industry 4.0). Results - Based on the results of the case study analysis performed, the author identifies competences and skills SMEs need to successfully implement Industry 4.0. Originality/value/implications/recommendations - The competences and skills identified as part of the case study analysis seem to be required for effective implementation of the Industry 4.0 concept in SMEs and they could also serve as recommendations for policy makers as regards the development and organisation of Industry 4.0-related training courses for SMEs. (original abstract)
The Library of University of Economics in Katowice
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