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Author
Żuławska Urszula
Title
Konkurencyjność gospodarki chilijskiej w okresie jej liberalizacji
Competitiveness of the Chilean Economy in the Period of Its Liberalization
Source
Ekonomia / Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2002, nr 7, s. 55-69, bibliogr. 14 poz.
Keyword
Przekształcenia ustrojowo-systemowe, Gospodarka, Konkurencyjność gospodarki, Liberalizm gospodarczy, Eksport
Systemic transformation, Economy, Economy competitiveness, Laissez faire, Export
Note
summ.
Country
Chile
Chile
Abstract
Omówiono zmiany w konkurencyjności gospodarki chilijskiej pod wpływem jej liberalizacji. Przedstawiono proces liberalizacji, przemiany w chilijskim eksporcie, konkurencyjność eksporu i jej źródła, wpływ zmian kursowych na konkurencyjność eksportu oraz przemiany w sektorze eksportowym po kryzysie azjatyckim.

Liberalization of the Chilean economy from a quarter of a century ago was intended to promote modernization of the economy and mobilization of new stimulators of the economic growth. The economy was to be financed with proceeds from the exports and inflow of foreign capital. The above strategy could succeed if the economic reforms had led to an increase in the competitiveness of the Chilean economy. In the paper, the liberalization process, the transformation of the Chilean exports and its sources, the impact of exchange rate changes on the exports' competitiveness, as well as changes in the Chilean export sector following the Asian crisis, were presented. The analysis confirmed that, in fact, the development of the export sector during the last quarter of a century largely contributed to the Chile's economic success. However, the considerable opening to the world market, with the exports structure showing a great dependence on low processing degree goods, makes the country's economy extremely vulnerable to external shocks. If the export sector is to remain the most important source of the growth trends, a further increase in its competitiveness will be indispensable, and that will be difficult to achieve without a considerable diversification of the exports. Also, prevention of an excessive currency appreciation is of great importance for the maintenance of an exportdriven growth model. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
The Main Library of the Wroclaw University of Economics
Bibliography
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  2. Bordeu E., 1995, Exportaciones de vino: la importancia del mejoramiento de la calidad, w: [Meller, Saenz, 1995].
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  6. Escobar L., Contreras G., 1995, Un sector exportador maduro: lafruta tresca, w: [Meller, Saenz, 1995].
  7. Guerguil M., Kaufman M., 1998, Competitiveness and the Evolution of the Real Exchange Rate in Chile, IMF Working Paper 58.
  8. Hachette D., 1991, Chile: Trade Liberalization since 1974, w: Shepherd G., Langoni C. G., Trade Reform. Lessons from eight countries, ICEG, San Francisco.
  9. Meller P., Saez R. E., 1995, Auge exportador chileno, CIEPLAN, Santiago de Chile.
  10. CEPAL, Panorama economica de America Latina, Santiago de Chile, różne lata.
  11. Portales C., 1995, La experiencia exportadora de la industńa grafica chilena, w: [Meller, Saenz, 1995].
  12. Rossi L, 1995, Desarrollo y competitividad del sector forestal-maderero, w: [Meller, Saenz, 1995].
  13. Silva V., 2001, Estrategia y agenda comercial chilena en los anos noventa, CEPAL, Santiago de Chile.
  14. Żuławska U., 2000, Rola przepływów kapitałowych w rozwoju gospodarczym krajów Ameryki Łacińskiej, w: "Studia Finansowe" nr 54/55, s. 85-92.
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ISSN
0137-3056
Language
pol
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