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Author
Ciecieląg Joanna
Title
Oszacowania skal ekwiwalentnych oparte na systemie równań popytowych ELES
Estimating the Equivalent Scales by Means of the Extended Linear Expenditure System (ELES)
Source
Ekonomia / Uniwersytet Warszawski, 2002, nr 7, s. 122-133, bibliogr. 11 poz.
Keyword
Rodzina, Dochody ludności, Wydatki gospodarstw domowych, Opieka nad dzieckiem, Systemy skalowalne, Teoria konsumpcji, Polityka społeczna, Poziom życia
Family, People's income, Household expenditures, Childcare, Scalability systems, Consumption theory, Social policy, Living standard
Note
summ.
Abstract
Zawarte w artykule oszacowania skal ekwiwalentnych wskazują, jak silnie cechy demograficzne, takie jak wiek, obecność dzieci, stan cywilny czy fakt bycia samotną matką, wpływają na poziom wydatków, jakie gospodarstwo domowe musi ponieść w celu utrzymania pewnego poziomu życia.

The problem of the child keeping cost is mostly associated with attempts at identifying the actual expenditures borne by the parents. However, a much more interesting problem is that about the income that the family needs in order to maintain the living standard from before the child's birth. The thus conceived child keeping cost definition is only indirectly related to the expenditures actually borne or the alternative cost of having a child. It rather is a measure of the family's prosperity: the amount by which the income must be compensated so as to make its utility level equal to that enjoyed by the family before the child's birth. In the paper, the thus understood child keeping cost was estimated using the notion of equivalent scales constructed by means of the Extended Linear Expenditure System (ELES). The research was based on data drawn from the Central Statistical Office's study on Polish household budgets of 1998. The results obtained show clear differences in the estimations of the child keeping cost according to the level of the family's income: for the 25% of families with the highest income, the level of the childrelated costs to be borne to maintain the living standard on an unchanged level is decidedly lower than for the remaining households. Also, the child's age is not without importance: upon the child's reaching the school age (7-17 years), a substantial increase in costs takes place. (original abstract)
Accessibility
The Main Library of the Cracow University of Economics
The Library of Warsaw School of Economics
The Main Library of Poznań University of Economics and Business
The Main Library of the Wroclaw University of Economics
Bibliography
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  2. Bradbury B., 1994, Household semi-public goods and the estimation of consumer equivalence scales: some first steps.
  3. Browning M. A., 1992, Children and household economic behaviour, "Journal of Economic Literature" nr 30, s. 1434-1475.
  4. Greene W. H., 2000, Econometric analysis, Prentice Hall International.
  5. GUS, 1999, Maty Rocznik Statystyczny 1999, Warszawa.
  6. Jehle G. A., Reny P. J., 2000, Advanced Microeconomic Theory, Addison Wesley.
  7. Merz J., Garner T., SmeedingT.M., Faik J., Johnson D., 1993, Two scales, one methodology - Expenditure based equivalence scales for the United States and Germany.
  8. Muellbauer J., 1974, Household Composition, Engel Curves and Welfare Comparisons between Households: a Duality Approach, "European Economic Review" nr 5, s. 103-121.
  9. Percival R., Harding A., 1999, The Public and Private Costs of Children in Australia, 1993-94, materiały konferencyjne, Luksemburg.
  10. Phipps S. A., 1998, What is the income "cost of a child"? Exact equivalence scales for Canadian two-parent families.
  11. The Measurement of HE Welfare, 1994, Blundell R., Preston I., Walker I. (wyd.).
Cited by
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ISSN
0137-3056
Language
pol
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