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Białynicki-Birula Paweł
Ekonomiczne uwarunkowania wzrostu wydatków na ochronę zdrowia w krajach o gospodarce rynkowej
Economic Factors Governing Health Care
Zeszyty Naukowe / Akademia Ekonomiczna w Krakowie, 2004, nr 667, s. 5-21, bibliogr. 17 poz.
Uwarunkowania mikroekonomiczne, Finanse służby zdrowia, Rynek usług zdrowotnych, Gospodarka rynkowa, Ochrona zdrowia, Koszty ochrony zdrowia
Microeconomic conditions, Health care finance, Health care services market, Market economy, Health care protection, Health costs
W pierwszej części artykułu opisano mikroekonomiczne aspekty ochrony zdrowia, oraz przeprowadzono analizę determinant podaży i popytu na rynku usług medycznych. W drugiej części określono makroekonomiczne aspekty ochrony zdrowia, oraz podjęto próbę uzyskania odpowiedzi na pytania dotyczące wpływu zdrowia na wzrost gospodarczy oraz udziału ochrony zdrowia w tworzeniu i redystrybucji dochodu narodowego.

In this article, the author addresses the economics of health care. The article reviews many aspects; on one hand, its objective is to identify the determinants of an increase in expenditures on health care and, on the other, it attempts to evaluate the impact of health on economic growth and standards of living. Consequently, the article comprises two parts: microeconomic and macroeconomic. The first part, on the microeconomic aspects of health care, is devoted to an analysis of the determinants of supply and demand on the medical services market. In the macroeconomic part, the author looks at issues connected with the impact of health on economic growth and the share of health care in creating and redistributing national income. The research findings indicate that the main determinants of an increase in health care expenditures are economic factors (available financial resources of payers and household disposable income) as well as administrative and legal regulations. From the macroeconomic perspective, an increase in health care expenditures should, in particular, be sought in the combined impact of technological progress and the transfer of financial resources to patients to enable them to purchase expensive services. (original abstract)
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