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Mamica Łukasz
Przemysł meblarski Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej - klaster przemysłowy
The Furniture Industry in the Town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska - an Industrial Cluster?
Zeszyty Naukowe / Akademia Ekonomiczna w Krakowie, 2004, nr 667, s. 137-150, bibliogr. 11 poz.
Meble, Rozwój lokalny, Rozwój gospodarczy, Rzemiosło
Furniture, Local development, Economic development, Craft
W opracowaniu podjęto próbę spojrzenia na sektor meblarski w okolicach Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej z perspektywy teorii klastrów gospodarczych.. W pierwszej części omówiono koncepcję rozwoju, z uwzględnieniem problematyki klastrów, a także specyfiki sektora meblarskiego. W dalszej części przedstawiono skróconą historię rozwoju meblarstwa w Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej. Część badawczą oparto o wyniki ankiet przeprowadzonych wśród przedsiębiorstw stolarskich i tapicerskich działających na omawianym terenie w drugiej połowie 2001 roku.

In this article, the author discusses the furniture sector in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska from the perspective of economic cluster theory. The analysis is preceded by a review of selected concepts of development, with particular focus on the issue of clusters. The author also presents the historical conditions governing the development of the furniture industry in this area. The research section of the article is based on findings from a survey conducted among carpentry and upholstery firms operating in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska in the second half of 2001. The results show that despite the significant concentration of furniture producers in the Kalwaria Zebrzydowska area, it is premature to speak of the existence of an economic cluster in the full meaning of the term. The interaction among firms operating in the area has unfortunately not led to a significant increase in the effectiveness and competitiveness of companies operating there. Most firms are marked by stagnation, and new technologies have not been implemented at satisfactory levels. The very limited contact with the designer community - considering the proximity of Kraków, a known centre of the arts - impacts upon the general level of design, creating a barrier to introduction of cohesive advertising campaigns. The low level of cooperation in the production process and lack of technological specialisation preclude the realisation of benefits that would result from participation in cooperative links. (original abstract)
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Full text
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