BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

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Autor
Kowalski Arkadiusz Michał
Tytuł
Polityka regionalna Unii Europejskiej w Wielkiej Brytanii
Regional Policy of the European Union in the United Kingdom
Źródło
Gospodarka Narodowa, 2003, nr 7-8, s. 98-119, bibliogr. 30 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Polityka regionalna, Restrukturyzacja regionów, Strategia rozwoju regionalnego, Polityka regionalna UE, Rozwój regionalny, Fundusze strukturalne, Rozwój gospodarczy regionów
Regional policy, Regional restructuring, Regional development strategy, EU regional policy, Regional development, Structural funds, Economic development of regions
Kraj/Region
Wielka Brytania
United Kingdom
Abstrakt
Regiony z upadającym przemysłem oraz peryferyjne regiony wiejskie to dwa główne typy regionów problemowych w Zjednoczonym Królestwie Wielkiej Brytanii i Irlandii Północnej. Autor przedstawia historyczne źródła problemu regionalnego w Zjednoczonym Królestwie (podział na bogate Południe i biedną Północ), historię polityki regionalnej w Zjednoczonym Królestwie na szczeblu narodowym (lata 1928-1984) oraz trzy okresy politykę regionalną Unii Europejskiej w Zjednoczonym Królestwie (do roku 1988, lata 1989-99, po roku 2000).

Declining industry regions and declining rural areas are the main types of troubled regions in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In a spatial perspective, considerable socio-economic inequalities between the poor North and the rich and developed South are the case in the UK. Regional inequalities enforce a regional policy involving application of a set of instruments in order to arrive at a higher convergence of incomes and to stimulate economic activity in the underdeveloped areas. The United Kingdom had been conducting an active regional policy since as early as 1928, but over that entire period its purposes were based on a single indicator, namely the rate of unemployment. A more comprehensive approach, involving support for regional development, has developed after joining the European Community. In 1975 - 1988, the United Kingdom obtained ECU 5,103.25 million worth of aid and was the second-largest, to Italy, beneficiary of the European Regional Development Fund. After the 1988 regional policy reform, the United Kingdom obtained aid from structural funds within the framework of all the separated objectives. The United Kingdom is one of the most centralised states in the European Union. It has not developed a nation-wide system of local governments, and the key role in pursuit of the regional policy is played by the central government and its regional agencies. The scope of sovereignty of regional government agencies in the field of structural funds management is different in the case of regions located in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK's experience in the field of drafting financial programmes of structural funds is vast and diversified. Poland and the remaining acceding countries can draw practical conclusions from the United Kingdom's experience, to be used as guidance for implementation of structural funds' programmes
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
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  6. Commission of the European Communities, [1939], Community Support Framework 1989-93 for the development and structural adjustment of the regions whose development is lagging behind (Objective I), United Kingdom (Northern Ireland), Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
  7. Commission of the European Communities, [1991], Community Support Framework 1989-93 for the development of rural areas (Objective 5b), United Kingdom, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
  8. Commission of the European Communities, [1994], Northern Ireland - Single programming document 1994-99, Objective I, Structural development and adjustment of regions whose development is lagging behind, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
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Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0867-0005
Język
pol
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