BazEkon - Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie

BazEkon home page

Meny główne

Autor
Goczek Łukasz
Tytuł
Przyczyny korupcji i skuteczność strategii antykorupcyjnych
The Causes for Corruption and the Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Strategies
Źródło
Gospodarka Narodowa, 2007, nr 4, s. 33-48, bibliogr. 59 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Korupcja, Przeciwdziałanie korupcji, Zwalczanie korupcji, Polityka rządu
Corruption, Corruption fighting, Fight corruption, Government policy
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Zdaniem autora, głównym mitem w debacie na temat korupcji jest przekonanie, że najlepszą metodą walki z korupcją są działania antykorupcyjne: kampanie, agencje, komisje, broszurki apelujące do sumień, mnożenie praw, specjalnych uprawnień i kodeksów. Przekonanie to sprawia, że zwalczanie korupcji najczęściej polega na spektakularnej walce z jej objawami, a nie prawdziwymi, zazwyczaj ekonomicznymi przyczynami. Przedmiotem artykułu jest przegląd badań empirycznych nad przyczynami korupcji i analiza skuteczności działań antykorupcyjnych. Jego celem jest odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego strategie antykorupcyjne są nieskuteczne. W części pierwszej opisano działania mające na celu przeciwdziałanie korupcji. W części drugiej przedstawiono stwierdzone w literaturze empirycznej przyczyny korupcji. W trzeciej omówiono rozminięcie się działań antykorupcyjnych z jej rzeczywistymi przyczynami oraz powody tego stanu rzeczy.

The author examines the causes behind corruption and checks why strategies designed to combat corruption fail to produce the expected results. The analysis is based on a review of the extensive body of empirical research into the sources of corruption and a descriptive analysis of the effectiveness of anti-corruption measures. The author offers a definition of corruption and presents the most common anti-corruption programs. He also describes problems widely associated with empirical studies involving corruption. The analysis addresses four issues: the overall level of development; the public sector; political institutions; and limitations to a free market and competition. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Ades A., Di Telia R., [1997], National Champions and Corruption: Some Unpleasant Interventionist Arithmetic, "The Economic Journal", Vol. 107, s. 1023-42.
  2. Ades A., Di Telia R., [1999], Rents, Competition, and Corruption, "AER", Vol. 89, s. 982-94.
  3. Adsera A., Boix C., Payne M., [2000], Are You Being Served? Political Accountability and Quality of Government, Inter-American Development Bank Working Paper 438.
  4. Andvig J., Fjeldstad 0., Amundsen I., [2001], Research on corruption. A policy oriented survey, NORAD Report.
  5. Beck T, Demirguc-Kunt A., Levine R., [2005], Bank Supervision and Corruption In Lending, NBER Working Paper, 11498.
  6. Broadman H., Recanatini E, [2002], Corruption and Policy: Back to the Roots, "Journal of Policy Reform", Vol. 5 (1), s. 37-49.
  7. Brunetti A., Kisunko G., Weder B., [1998], Credibility of Rules and Economic Growth: Evidence from a World Wide Private Sector Survey, The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 12 (3), s. 353-84.
  8. Brunetti A., Weder B., [2003], Free Press Is Bad News for Corruption, "Journal of Public Economics", Vol. 87 (7-8), s. 1801-24.
  9. Chowdhury S., [2004], The Effect of Democracy and Press Freedom on Corruption: An Empirical Test, "Economics Letters", Vol. 85 (1), s. 93-101.
  10. Clarke G., Xu L., [2004], Privatization, Competition, and Corruption: How Characteristics of Bribe Takers and Payers Affect Bribes to Utilities, "Journal of Public Economics", Vol. 88 (9-10), s. 2067-97.
  11. Damania R., Fredriksson P.G., Mani M., [2003], The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures: Theory and Evidence, IMF Working Papers, 03/172.
  12. DiPietro W., [2003], National Corruption and Size of the Public Sector, Briefing Notes In Economics, Vol. 55 (1-8).
  13. Djankov S., La Porta R., Lopez-de-Silanes F., Shleifer A., [2002a], The Regulation of Entry, "Quarterly Journal of Economics", Vol. 117 (1), s. 1-37.
  14. Djankov S., Porta R., Lopez-de-Silanes F., [2002b], Courts: the Lex Mundi Project, NBER Working Paper No. 8890.
  15. EBRD, [2003], Anti-corruption Programmes in Post-Communist Transition Countries and Changes in the Business Environment, 1999-2002, EBRD Working Paper No. 85, London.
  16. Elliott K., [1997], Corruption as an International Policy Problem: Overview and Recommendations, [w:] Corruption and the Global Economy, (ed.) K. Elliott (Washington: Institute for International Economics), s. 175-233.
  17. Fisman R., [2001], Estimating the Value of Political Connections, "AER", Vol. 91, s. 1095-102.
  18. Fisman R., Gatti R., [2002], Decentralization and Corruption: Evidence from U.S. Federal Transfer Programs, "Public Choice", Vol. 113 (1-2), s. 25-35.
  19. Galtung F., [2005], Measuring the Immeasurable: Boundaries and Functions of (Macro) Corruption Indices, In F. Galtung and C. Sampford, Measuring Corruption, Ashgate.
  20. Gatti R., [1999], Corruption and Trade Tariffs, or a Case for Uniform Tariffs, World Bank Working Paper No. 2216.
  21. Gatti R., [2004], Explaining Corruption: Are Open Countries Less Corrupt?, "Journal of International Development", Vol. 16 (6), s. 851-61.
  22. Gerring J., Thacker S., [2005], Do Neoliberal Policies Deter Political Corruption?, "International Organization", Vol. 59, s. 233-54.
  23. Goczek Ł., [2006], Causes of Post-Communist Corruption: an Empirical Study, Paper presented at the WISER 2006 Economic Meeting.
  24. Goel R., Nelson M., [2005], Economic Freedom versus Political Freedom: Cross-Country Influences on Corruption, "Australian Economic Papers", Vol. 44 (2), s. 121-33.
  25. Goldsmith A., [1999], Slapping the Grasping Hand: Correlates of Political Corruption in Emerging Markets, "The American Journal of Economics and Sociology", Vol. 58 (4), s. 866-83.
  26. Heidenheimer A., Johnston M., LeVine T. (eds), [1989], Political Corruption: A Handbook, 3rd Reedition - 2002, Transaction Publishers New Brunswick, NJ.
  27. Heinzen J., [2005 June], Corruption in the Gulag: Dilemmas of Officials and Prisoners, "Comparative Economic Studies", Vol. 47 (2), s. 456-75.
  28. Hellman J., Kaufmann D., [2004], The Inequality of Influence, [w:] Building a Trustworthy State in Post-Socialist Transition, (eds.) J. Kornai and S. Rose-Ackerman, New York, Palgrave, s. 100-118.
  29. Hellman J.S., Jones G., Kaufmann D., [2003], 'Seize the State, Seize the Day': State Capture, Corruption, and Influence in Transition, "Journal of Comparative Economics", Vol. 31, s. 751-773.
  30. Hellman J., Schankerman M., [2000], Intervention, Corruption and Capture: The Nexus between Enterprises and the State, "Economics of Transition", Vol. 8 (3), s. 545-76.
  31. Hwang J., [2002], A Note on the Relationship between Corruption and Government Revenue, "Journal of Economic Development", Vol. 27 (2), s. 161-77.
  32. Johnson S., Kaufmann D., Zoido-Lobaton P, [1998], Regulatory Discretion and the Unofficial Economy, "AER", Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 88, s. 387-92.
  33. Johnson S., Kaufmann D., McMillan J., Woodruff C., [2000], Why do firms hide? Bribes and unofficial activity after communism, "Journal of Public Economics", Vol. 76, s. 495-520.
  34. Kaufmann D., [1998], Revisiting Anti-Corruption Strategies: Tilt Towards Incentive-Driven Approaches?, in Corruption and Integrity Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries (New York, UNDP).
  35. Kaufmann D., Siegelbaum R, [1995], Privatization and Corruption in Transition Economies, "Journal of International Affairs", Vol. 50, (2), s. 419-58.
  36. Kimbro M., [2002], A Cross-Country Empirical Investigation of Corruption and Its Relationship to Economic, Cultural, and Monitoring Institutions: An Examination of the Role of Accounting and Financial Statements Quality, "Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance", Vol. 17 (4), s. 325-49.
  37. Klitgaard R., [1988], Controlling Corruption, Berkeley, University of California Press.
  38. Knack S., Azfar 0., [2003], Trade Intensity, Country Size and Corruption, "Economics of Governance", Vol. 4 (1), s. 1-18.
  39. Kunicova J., [2002], When Are Oppositions Lips Sealed? Comparative Political Corruption in Democracies, Mimeo.
  40. Kunicova J., [2005], Are Presidential Systems More Susceptible to Political Corruption?, Mimeo.
  41. Kunicova J., Rose-Ackerman S., [2005], Electoral Rules and Constitutional Structures as Constraints on Corruption, "British Journal of Political Science", forthcoming.
  42. La Porta R., Lopez-De-Silanes F., Shleifer A., Vishny R., [1999], The Quality of Government, "The Journal of Law, Economics and Organization", Vol. 15 (1), s. 222-79.
  43. La Palombara J., [1994], Structural and Institutional Aspects of Corruption, "Social Research", Vol. 61, s. 325-50.
  44. Lederman D., Loayza N., Scares R., [2005], Accountability and Corruption: Political Institutions Matter, "Economics and Politics", Vol. 17 (1), s. 1-35.
  45. Leite C., Weidemann J., [1999], Does Mother Nature Corrupt? Natural Resources, Corruption, and Economic Growth, IMF Working Paper, 99/85.
  46. Miller W, Gredeland Ä., Koshechkina T., [2001], A Culture of Corruption: Coping with Government in Post-Communist Europe, Budapest, Central European University Press.
  47. Mocan N., [2004], What Determines Corruption? International Evidence from Micro Data, NBER Working Paper, 10460.
  48. Montinola G., Jackman R., [2002], Sources of Corruption: Cross-Country Study, "British Journal of Political Science", Vol. 32, s. 147-70.
  49. Paldam M., [2002], The Big Pattern of Corruption. Economics, Culture and the Seesaw Dynamics, "European Journal of Political Economy", Vol. 18, s. 215-40.
  50. Persson T., Tabellini G., Trebbi E, [2003 June], Electoral Rules and Corruption, "Journal of the European Economic Association", Vol. 1 (4), s. 958-89.
  51. Reinikka R., Svensson J., [2005], Fighting Corruption to Improve Schooling: Evidence from a Newspaper Campaign in Uganda, "Journal of the European Economic Association", Vol. 3 (2-3), s. 259-67.
  52. Rijckeghem van C., Weder B., [2001], Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption and by How Much?, "Journal of Development Economics", Vol. 65 (2), s. 307-31.
  53. Sandholtz W, Koetzle W, [2000], Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democracy, and Trade, "Industrial Studies Quarterly", Vol. 44, s. 31-50.
  54. Svensson J., [2006], Osiem pytań na temat korupcji, "Gospodarka Narodowa" 9, s. 77-101.
  55. Swamy A., Knack S., Azfar O., [2001], Gender and Corruption, "Journal of Development Economics", Vol. 64, s. 25-55.
  56. Tanzi V, [1998 December], Corruption around the world: Causes, Consequences, Scope an Cures, "Staff Papers", IMF, Vol. 45, s. 559-94.
  57. Treisman D., [2000], The Causes of Corruption: A Cross-National Study, "Journal of Public Economics", Vol. 76 (3), s. 399-457.
  58. Xin X., Radul X, [2004], The Context for Political Corruption: A Cross-National Analysis, "Social Science Quarterly", Vol. 85 (2), s. 294-309.
  59. World Bank, [1997], The State in a Changing World, World Development Report, March.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0867-0005
Język
pol
Udostępnij na Facebooku Udostępnij na Twitterze Udostępnij na Google+ Udostępnij na Pinterest Udostępnij na LinkedIn Wyślij znajomemu