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Autor
Siwińska Joanna
Tytuł
Wpływ polityki fiskalnej na konsumpcję gospodarstw domowych w krajach Unii Europejsiej
The Influence of Fiscal Policy on Household Consumption in the European Union
Źródło
Gospodarka Narodowa, 2005, nr 7-8, s. 85-100, bibliogr. 30 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Polityka podatkowa, Gospodarstwa domowe, Dochody ludności, Konsumpcja gospodarstw domowych, Budżet gospodarstwa domowego, Oszczędności gospodarstw domowych, Warunki życia ludności
Tax policy, Households, People's income, Consumption in household, Budgets of households, Household savings, People's living conditions
Uwagi
summ.
Firma/Organizacja
Unia Europejska (UE)
European Union (EU)
Abstrakt
Celem artykułu jest próba odpowiedzi na pytanie, jaki jest rzeczywisty wpływ polityki fiskalnej na prywatną konsumpcję w rozwiniętych krajach Unii Europejskiej. W pierwszej części przedstawiono dyskusję teoretyczną, koncentrując się na modelach tłumaczących nieliniowe efekty polityki fiskalnej w drugiej zaprezentowano wyniki badania empirycznego dotyczącego wpływu tej polityki na wielkość konsumpcji.

The influence of fiscal policy on economic trends is a disputed issue in both theoretical and empirical terms. Theoretical considerations on the short-term influence of fiscal policy on aggregate demand feature three basic approaches: Keynesian, neoclassicist-based on the theory of permanent income-and one tentatively referred to as "non-Keynesian" or "nonlinear." According to this last hypothesis, the effects of fiscal policy may be nonlinear, which means that the same policy may produce different results if applied in different conditions. These different theoretical predictions about the effects of fiscal policy result from different approaches to the response of consumers to fiscal policy changes. The article sets out to examine the influence of fiscal policy on household consumption in developed European Union countries. The article is made up of two main parts, a theoretical part that presents models applying to the short-term influence of fiscal policy on private consumption, and an empirical part that describes the results of the author's own research into this problem. Conclusions presented in the article indicate that the influence of fiscal policy modifications on consumption may be nonlinear. When the public finance deficit is excessive, the influence of fiscal policy changes is Keynesian in nature. This means that a reduction of the deficit leads to a decrease in consumption and the other way round. When the public finance balance is upset, the influence of fiscal policy on consumption is much smaller. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
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  22. Miller S., Russek E, [2002], The Relationship between large fiscal adjustments and short-term output growth under alternative fiscal policy regimes.
  23. OECD, [2003], OECD Maxdata.
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  25. Pozzi L., [2001], Government debt, imperfect information and fiscal policy effects on private consumption. Evidence for 2 high debt countries, Universiteit Gent Working Paper.
  26. Romer D., [2000], Makroekonomia dla zaawansowanych, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa.
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Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0867-0005
Język
pol
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