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Autor
Kąkol Magdalena
Tytuł
Prokonkurencyjne zmiany w polityce pomocy państwowej w Unii Europejskiej
Pro-competitive Changes in State Aid Policy in the European Union
Źródło
Prace Naukowe Akademii Ekonomicznej we Wrocławiu, 2008, nr 1191, s. 198-212, bibliogr. 18 poz.
Tytuł własny numeru
Problemy gospodarki światowej
Słowa kluczowe
Pomoc publiczna dla przedsiębiorstw, Konkurencyjność przedsiębiorstwa
Subsidies granted to enteprises, Enterprise competitiveness
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Celem opracowania jest ocena wpływu procesu budowania wspólnego rynku na ograniczenie i zmianę struktury pomocy państwowej udzielanej przez kraje członkowskie Unii Europejskiej oraz określenie, które państwa naruszały zasadę równych szans podmiotów gospodarczych i przyczyniały się w największym stopniu do zakłócania wolnej konkurencji na rynku wewętrzym. (fragment artykułu)

The article concerns the most controversial area of the EU competition policy i.e. formal acceptance of state aid on the basis of some exemptions from the general rule prohibiting its granting. The signatories of the EEC Treaty created a lot of possibilities for member states to support their enterprises, and there are many examples when state intervention infringed the principle of free competition in the common market, delayed structural reforms as well as the process and effects of market liberalization. The most detrimental effect to the common market had state aid in the 70s, when member states in the circumstances of oil crisis and protracted economic downturn were extending the level of aid for own enterprises in order to strengthen their competitiveness in relation to the third countries but also in the common market. The Commission's policy turned out to be totally ineffective these days. The change of the Commission's attitude and the new approach to the matter of state intervention was caused by the Single Market Project 1992, realization of which started in the mid-80s. Creation of the internal market forced member states to reduce the level of state aid and to redirect it at less detrimental kinds of aid like horizontal aid (e.g. aid supporting research and development, the protection of environment, small and medium enterprises, training of less developed regions). But a visible limitation of state aid levels have been observed no sooner than since the mid-908, and its redirection to horizontal objectives only since the end of the 90s. Nowadays we are in the course of reform of the EU state aid policy. The reform process and its assumptions are based on the provisions of the Lisbon Strategy from March 2000. All the introduced changes serve to realize effectiveness goals. The author presents the development of the EU state aid policy and makes an attempt to evaluate its impact on competition in the common market. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Commission of the European Communities, Fair Competition in the Internal Market: Community State Aid Policy - The Ecu and Its Role in the Process Towards Monetary Union, „European Economy" 1991 no. 48, September.
  2. Commission of the European Communities, Growth, Competitiveness, Employment: The Challenges and Ways Forward Into 21" Century, Luxembourg; OOPEC, 1994 (White Paper 1993).
  3. European Commission, State Aid and the Single Market, „European Economy" 1999 no. 3.
  4. Evans A., Martin S., Socially Acceptable Distortion of Competition: EC Policy on State Aid, EUI Working Paper ECO no. 90/15, European University Institute, Florence, Economics Department, September 1990.
  5. Martin S., Valbonesi P., State Aid in Context, September 1999, artykuł dostępny na stronie internetowej Danish Competition Authority: http://www.ks.dk.
  6. Mucha-Leszko B., Kąkol M., Pomoc państwa jako forma interwencji na rynku wewnętrznym Unii Europejskiej, [w:] Ład gospodarczy jako efekt działalności państwa w społecznej gospodarce rynkowej, PTE Oddział Warszawski, Warszawa 2005.
  7. Nicolaides P., Bilal S., An Appraisal of State Aid Rules of European Community. Do they Promote Efficiency?, „Journal of World Trade" 1999, vol. 33 no. 2.
  8. Ninth Survey on State Aid in the European Union, Brussels, 18.7.2001, COM (2001) 403 final. OECD, National Account Statistics, 1960-1980 (OECD: Paris), Various Issues [za:] S. Ostry, The Post-Cold War Trading System, Who's on First?, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London 1997.
  9. Scoreboard - Statistical tables: Trend in the share of aid to horizontal objectives, http.7/ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/state_aid/studies_reports/key_indicators.xls.
  10. Second Survey on State Aids in the European Community in the Manufacturing and Certain other Sectors, Brussels, July 1990, SEC(90) 1165/3.
  11. Smith M.P., Autonomy by the Rules: The European Commission and the Development of State Aid Policy, „Journal of Common Market Studies" 1998, vol. 36 no. 1, March.
  12. Stale Aid action plan: Less and Better Targeted State Aid: a Roadmap for State Aid Reform 2005- 2009 (Consultation Document), Brussels, 7 June 2005a.
  13. Stale Aid Scoreboard-Autumn 2005 Update, Brussels, 9.12.2005b, COM(2005) 624 final.
  14. State Aid Scoreboard-Autumn 2006 Update, Brussels, 11.12.2006, COM(2006) 761 final.
  15. State Aid Scoreboard, Brussels, 18.7.2001, COM(2001)412 final.
  16. State Aid Scoreboard-Spring 2005 Update, Brussels, 20.04.2005c, COM(2005) 147 final.
  17. Swarm D., The Economics of Europe. From Common Market to European Union, Ninth Edition, Penguin Books, England 2000.
Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0324-8445
Język
pol
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