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Autor
Szczepaniec Marek, Jurkiewicz Tomasz
Tytuł
Kapitał ludzki i jego akumulacja w małych i średnich firmach
Human capital and its accumulation in small and medium companies
Źródło
Polityka Społeczna, 2009, nr 8, s. 18-26, bibliogr. 75 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Kapitał ludzki, Kapitał intelektualny, Wiedza, Akumulacja kapitału, Zarządzanie kapitałem intelektualnym, Małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa, Gromadzenie wiedzy
Human capital, Intellectual capital, Knowledge, Capital formation, Intellectual capital management, Small business, Knowledge acquisition
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
Celem publikacji jest przedstawienie danych dotyczących wielkości kapitału ludzkiego w małych i średnich firmach, a także pokazanie zależności między wielkością firmy oraz wielkością kapitału ludzkiego a sposobami akumulacji wiedzy. Artykuł bazuje na wynikach badań empirycznych przeprowadzonych na losowej, warstwowej próbie 1308 MSP. Wyniki badań pokazały, że w grupie przedsiębiorców odsetek osób posiadających wyższe wykształcenie (38%) jest ponad dwa razy wyższy niż w populacji Polaków w wieku 2465 lat (17%). 29,3% MSP inwestuje w szkolenia swoich pracowników. Tylko 5,5% małych i średnich firm prowadzi badania marketingowe, jeszcze mniej firm (2,3%) korzysta z zewnętrznego doradztwa. Odsetek firm prowadzących szkoleń dla pracowników, korzystających z zewnętrznego doradztwa oraz prowadzących badania marketingowe rośnie wraz ze wzrostem skali działalności firmy oraz zwiększającym się poziomem wykształcenia przedsiębiorcy. Wyniki badań mogą znaleźć zastosowanie w praktyce gospodarczej za pomocą inwestycji w kapitał ludzki można oddziaływać na akumulację wiedzy oraz wyniki ekonomiczne MSP. (abstrakt oryginalny)

The purpose of this paper is to provide empirical quantitative evidence concerning human capital in SMEs, the relationship between knowledge accumulation and firm size / firm human capital. This article provides analysis of the key findings of the survey which was conducted among 1308 small and medium sized enterprises in the private sector in Poland. The findings highlight the important role played by human capital in knowledge acquisition and performance of SMEs. The proportion of entrepreneurs who have achieved a tertiary education (38%) is almost 21% higher than that of the 24-to-64-year-olds. 29,3% of SMEs train their employees, but only 2,3% SMEs use advisory services of knowledge centers, and 5,5% of SMEs carry on marketing research. Human capital embodied in business owner has positive effect on propensity to train employees, use of advisory services and carrying on marketing research. There is also significant firm size effect that influences SME knowledge acquisition. The results indicate that development of knowledge can be affected by investments in human capital, and should be of interest to policy makers developing new strategies and policies to support the growth of SMEs in Poland. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Bibliografia
Pokaż
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Cytowane przez
Pokaż
ISSN
0137-4729
Język
pol
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