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Haan Peter (Goethe University in Frankfurt; DIW-Berlin; Centre for Economic Analysis (CenEA) in Szczecin), Myck Michal (Centre for Economic Analysis (CenEA) in Szczecin; DIW-Berlin; Institute for Fiscal Studies)
Safety Net Still in Transition : Labour Market Incentive Effects of Social Support in Poland and Germany
Bank i Kredyt, 2010, nr 3, s. 5-34, tab., rys., aneks, bibliogr. 23 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Wsparcie społeczne, Rynek pracy, Pomoc społeczna, Przekształcenia systemowe w gospodarce
Social support, Labour market, Social assistance, Systemic transformations in the economy
Polska, Niemcy
Poland, Germany
Many aspects of the economic transition which started in 1989 in Poland are by now complete. However, the route Polish governments have so far taken concerning the system of support for low-income families still implies very different poverty alleviation schemes compared to those found in many developed countries. We examine the Polish system of social assistance in a comparative context with Germany and focus on its implications for financial incentives to work. The paper shows the effect of extending the financial support system for poorest families in Poland on labour market incentives. We demonstrate that assumptions concerning sharing of resources among families within households have significant implications on the resulting financial incentives and importantly change the implied consequences of the reforms. This is the case especially for singleadult families. 74% of single adults without children, and 53% of lone parents in Poland live in multi-family households. Given the limited role of the state in providing a means-tested safety net, these multi-family arrangements play an important role as far as alleviating poverty is concerned, but they also have significant implications for incentives on the labour market. (original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
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  2. Bargain O., Morawski L., Myck M., Socha M. (2007), As SIMPL as That: Introducing a Tax-Benefit Microsimulation Model for Poland, IZA Discussion Paper, 2988, Bonn.
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  8. European Commission (2008), Child Poverty and Well-Being in the EU. Current status and way forward, European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
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  10. GUSb (Various Years), Small Statistical Yearbook (Mały Rocznik Statystyczny), Główny Urząd Statystyczny, Warsaw.
  11. Haan P., Morawski L., Myck M. (2008), Taxes, Benefits and Financial Incentives to Work. The United Kingdom, Germany and Poland Compared, Bank i Kredyt, 39 (1), 5-33.
  12. Haan P., Myck M. (2007), Apply with caution: introducing UK-style in-work support in Germany, Fiscal Studies, 28, 43-72.
  13. Haan P., Myck M.(2008), Multi-Family Households in a Labour Supply Model: A Calibration Method with Application to Poland, IZA Discussion Paper, 2988, Bonn.
  14. Immervoll H., Kleven H., Kreiner H., Saez E. (2007), Welfare Reform in European Countries: A Microsimulation Analysis, Economic Journal, 117 (516), 1-44.
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  16. Levy H., Morawski L., Myck M. (2009), Alternative tax-benefit strategies to support children in Poland, in: O. Lelkes, H. Sutherland, H. Ashgate (eds), Tax and Benefit Policies in the Enlarged Europe: Assessing the Impact with Microsimulation Models, Vienna.
  17. Myck M. (2007), Allocating Social Assistance using a wealth-test model: SIMPL 2003 and 2005, SIMPL Technical Note, 1, University of Warsaw.
  18. OECD (2008), Growing Unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Paris.
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  20. Nickell S. (2001), Fundamental changes in the UK labour market, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 63 (Special Issue), 715-736.
  21. Peichl A., Pester A., Schneider H. (2010), Does Size Matter? The Impact of Changes in Household Structure on Income Distribution in Germany, IZA Discussion Paper, 4770, Bonn.
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  23. Steiner V., Haan P., Wrohlich K. (2005), Dokumentation des Steuer-Transfer-Mikrosimulationsmodells 1999-2002, Data Documentation, 9, DIW-Berlin.
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