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Autor
Czarny Elżbieta (Warsaw School of Economics, Poland), Menkes Jerzy (Warsaw School of Economics, Poland), Śledziewska Katarzyna (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Tytuł
The Gravity Model and the Classification of Countries
Źródło
Argumenta Oeconomica, 2010, nr 2 (25), s. 79-94, tab., bibliogr. 15 poz.
Słowa kluczowe
Handel międzynarodowy, Model grawitacji
International trade, Gravity model
Uwagi
summ.
Abstrakt
We discuss the gravity equation based on Helpman’s theorem (1987) using the approach of Debaere (2005). Unlike Debaere, we do not constrain our analysis to the split into OECD and non-OECD, but we propose an alternative division. We argue that the division of countries into OECD and non-OECD is not an appropriate representation of – respectively – developed and less developed countries. Instead, we propose the division of non-OECD countries into two groups: the first one consisting of non-OECD countries fulfilling membership criteria and the second one, not fulfilling these criteria. In our setting, the less developed countries are collected only in the last group, whereas OECD and non-OECD countries fulfilling membership criteria are the developed ones. We analyze trade between pairs of countries and aggregate the results to illustrate trade between the three above mentioned groups of countries in the period of 28 years (1977-2005). We show that the Helpman’s theorem designed to explain trade among developed countries still does not find support among less developed ones unless the last group is properly extracted.(original abstract)
Dostępne w
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Krakowie
Biblioteka Szkoły Głównej Handlowej w Warszawie
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Główna Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Pełny tekst
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Bibliografia
Pokaż
  1. Cox, R. W. (ed.), International Organizations: World Politics. London, 1969.
  2. Curzon, G., The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade: Pressures and Strategies for Task Expansion (in): Cox, R. (ed.), International Organizations: World Politics (pp. 248-257), Macmillan, London, 1969.
  3. Debaere, Monopolistic Competition and Trade Revisited: Testing the Model without Testing for Gravity, “Journal of International Economics”, Vol. 66, pp. 249-266, 2005.
  4. Deutsch, K., Communication Theory and Political Integration, (in): Jacob, P. E., Toscano, J. V. (eds.), The Integration of Political Communities. Philadelphia, 1964.
  5. Egger, P., An Econometric View on Estimation of Gravity Models and the Calculation of Trade Potential, “The World Economy”, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 297-312, 2002.
  6. Eichengreen, B., Irwin, D., The role of history in bilateral trade flows, (in): Frankel, J. (ed.), pp. 33˛-57, The Regionalization of the World Economy. University of Chicago Press, 1997.
  7. Hampden-Turner, Ch., Trompenaars, A., The Seven Cultures of Capitalism. Value Systems for Creating Health, (in): The United States, Japan, Germany, France, Britain, Sweden and the Netherlands. Doubleday, 1993.
  8. Helpman, E., Imperfect Competition and International Trade: Evidence from Fourteen Industrial Countries, “Journal of the Japanese and International Economies”, Vol. 1, pp. 62-81, 1987.
  9. Hummels, D., Levinsohn, J., Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence, “Quarterly Journal of Economics”, Vol. 110, No. 3, pp. 799-836, 1995.
  10. Jacob, P. E., Toscano, J. V. (eds.), The Integration of Political Communities. Philadelphia, 1964.
  11. Joyner, Ch. C. (ed.), The United Nations and International Law. Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  12. Mingst, K. A., Karns, M. P., The United Nations in the Post-Cold War Era. Westview Press, 2000.
  13. Stiglitz, J. E., Globalization and Its Discontents. W. W. Norton & Company, 2003.
  14. Stiglitz, J. E., The Roaring Nineties: A New History of the World’s Most Prosperous Decade. W. W. Norton & Company, 2004.
  15. Zamora, S., (1997), Economic Relations and Development, (in): Joyner, Ch. C. (ed.), The United Nation and International Law (pp. 232-287). Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Cytowane przez
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ISSN
1233-5835
Język
eng
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